Signal transmission in the catfish retina. III. Transmission to type-C cell
Sakuranaga, M.; Naka, K.
Journal of Neurophysiology 53(2): 411-428
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3077 PMID: 2984349 DOI: 10.1152/jn.19126.96.36.1991
Current injected into horizontal-cell somas and axons produced transient (on-off) depolarizations from type-C cells (commonly known as transient amacrine cells) similar to those produced by light. Both the light- and current-induced responses had very small linear components and nonlinear components as represented by the second-order kernels, which reproduced the cell's response with a reasonable degree of accuracy. The second-order kernels were well defined and stereotyped. The quadratic nature of the nonlinear component is reflected in the frequency doubling response as well as the very steep input-output relationship of the cell. Type-C cell's responses evoked by light and current differed in a subtle but distinct fashion, and this difference appeared in the signature of the second-order kernels. The light-produced kernels had two diagonal positive peaks and off-diagonal valleys ("four-eye" structure), whereas the current-produced kernels had a single on-diagonal positive peak with off-diagonal negative valleys ("three-eye" structure). The difference in the kernel configuration was reflected in the cell's step-evoked response. Some type-C cells produced faster responses whereas others produced slower responses, whether evoked by light or by current. Our past and present results show that type-C cells produce a very nonlinear response that is not necessarily complex.