+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Sonographic evaluation of the endochondral ossification process of the thyroid cartilage in children



Sonographic evaluation of the endochondral ossification process of the thyroid cartilage in children



Journal of Clinical Ultrasound 46(2): 89-95



To determine the sonographic appearances of the endochondral ossification process of the thyroid cartilage in children. Thyroid cartilage sonography (US) of 420 children was performed with a high-resolution linear-array transducer. Right and left laminae of the thyroid cartilage, including the inferior horns, were examined. Ossification foci were evaluated for their presence, location, shape, size, echo pattern, and number. Four hundred nineteen children, 239 girls and 180 boys, were enrolled in the study with a mean age of 109.8 ± 60.7 months. Ossification foci were found in 167 children (39.9%). First ossification focus detection age was 72 months in girls and 79 months in boys. On both laminae, the most frequent appearance of the ossification focus was hypoechoic (right: 94.8%, left: 93.5%). Prevalence and number of ossification foci increased with age in each sex. The shape of the ossification foci in both laminae was generally nonexpansile (right: 92.9%, left: 93.5%). Endochondral ossification process of the thyroid cartilage begins in the first decade with extracellular matrix changes, which can be detected as hypoechoic foci by US. These foci can be expansile, and radiologists should be aware of this entity to avoid misdiagnosing them as abnormal masses.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 060265334

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 28990679

DOI: 10.1002/jcu.22536


Related references

Cartilage degradation in osteoarthritis: A process of osteochondral remodeling resembles the endochondral ossification in growth plate?. Medical Hypotheses 121: 183-187, 2018

Special pattern of endochondral ossification in human laryngeal cartilages: X-ray and light-microscopic studies on thyroid cartilage. Clinical Anatomy 27(3): 423-430, 2014

Merging the old skeletal biology with the new. I. Intramembranous ossification, endochondral ossification, ectopic bone, secondary cartilage, and pathologic considerations. Journal of Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology 20(2): 84-93, 2000

Incomplete endochondral ossification of the otic capsule, a variation in children: evaluation of its prevalence and extent in children with and without sensorineural hearing loss. Ajnr. American Journal of Neuroradiology 36(1): 171-175, 2016

Association of cartilage-specific deletion of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ with abnormal endochondral ossification and impaired cartilage growth and development in a murine model. Arthritis and Rheumatism 64(5): 1551-1561, 2012

Cartilage-specific matrix protein, chondromodulin-I (ChM-I), is a strong angio-inhibitor in endochondral ossification of human neonatal vertebral tissues in vivo: relationship with angiogenic factors in the cartilage. Acta Histochemica 104(2): 167-175, 2002

The potencies of the epiphyseal cartilage in endochondral ossification. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Series C. Biological and Medical Sciences 70(1): 21-28, 1967

The role of hypertrophic cartilage in endochondral ossification. Zeitschrift für Mikroskopisch-Anatomische Forschung 90(3): 435-446, 1976

The mechanism of cartilage growth in endochondral ossification. Bull Hist Appl Phys Et Path 4: 325-347, 1927

Osteoclasts and cartilage removal in endochondral ossification of certain mammals. Amer Jour Anat 50(1): 97-127, 1932

Cdc42 is critical for cartilage development during endochondral ossification. Endocrinology 156(1): 314-322, 2015

Histology of epiphyseal cartilage calcification and endochondral ossification. Frontiers in Bioscience 4: 2085-2100, 2012

Endochondral ossification: how cartilage is converted into bone in the developing skeleton. International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 40(1): 46-62, 2007

Hydrolytic enzyme activity during endochondral ossification of secondary cartilage. American Journal of Anatomy 140(3): 369-381, 1974

Epigenetic dynamic during endochondral ossification and articular cartilage development. Bone: -, 2018