Submucosal Tunneling Endoscopic Resection for the Treatment of Gastrointestinal Submucosal Tumors Originating from the Muscularis Propria Layer
Du, C.; Linghu, E.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 21(12): 2100-2109
ISSN/ISBN: 1091-255X PMID: 29043576 DOI: 10.1007/s11605-017-3579-7
Surgical resection and endoscopic resection comprise two alternative options for the treatment of submucosal tumors (SMTs) originating from the muscularis propria (MP) layer. Endoscopic resection is minimally invasive compared with surgical resection. Conventional non-tunneling techniques, such as endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), endoscopic submucosal excavation (ESE), and endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) have been demonstrated to be safe and effective. However, these techniques fail to maintain the integrity of the mucosa and induce high risk of perforation, infection, and postoperative strictures. Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) is a novel surgical technique that can maintain the integrity of the mucosa by establishing a tunnel between the submucosal and the MP layers. STER has been proven to be effective and safe for the treatment of SMTs. Currently, STER has become a standard treatment for gastrointestinal (GI) SMTs originating from the MP layer, notably in China. In the present review, we describe the indications, procedures, postoperative care, efficacy and safety outcomes, and future perspectives of STER for GI SMTs originating from the MP layer.