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Systematic review of provider involvement in heart failure self-care interventions

Systematic review of provider involvement in heart failure self-care interventions

Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners 29(11): 682-694

Heart failure is a global concern impacting patient outcomes. Self-care interventions improve self-care behaviors in heart failure patients. The impact of direct provider involvement on patient self-care outcomes is unknown in research. The purpose is to review self-care interventions for adults with heart failure and describe direct provider involvement versus no direct provider involvement on patient self-care behaviors. Review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Studies were independently selected, grounded in the population, intervention, comparison, and outcome (PICO) question, and predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria, including self-care interventions, adult heart failure patients, self-care behavior measurement, and 10-year publication. Quality assessment of studies was conducted. There was a lack of data and quality studies to answer the PICO question. Comparison of variables that impact self-care behaviors is problematic because the interventions are heterogeneous, which limits interpretation of results. There were minimal studies with direct provider involvement. None of the studies conceptually addressed direct provider involvement. The involvement of providers, health systems, and patients in pragmatic research can impact the integration of research, policy, and practice. Strategies to decrease threats to internal validity need to be addressed as research is translated into practice.

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Accession: 060311119

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 28805305

DOI: 10.1002/2327-6924.12501

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