The 9-d CIDR-PG protocol II: Characterization of endocrine parameters, ovarian dynamics, and pregnancy rates to fixed-time Ai following use of long-term CIDR-based estrus synchronization among mature beef cows
Thomas, J.M.; Locke, J.W.C.; Bishop, B.E.; Abel, J.M.; Ellersieck, M.R.; Poock, S.E.; Smith, M.F.; Patterson, D.J.
Theriogenology 103: 185-190
ISSN/ISBN: 1879-3231 PMID: 28802241 DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2017.07.046
An experiment was designed to evaluate endocrine parameters, ovarian dynamics, and pregnancy rates to fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) following the 9-d CIDR-PG protocol in comparison to the 14-d CIDR-PG protocol. While both are long-term protocols using CIDR treatment for presynchronization, the 9-d CIDR-PG protocol differs from the 14-d CIDR-PG protocol in that prostaglandin F2α (PG) is administered at CIDR insertion and removal to facilitate a decreased length of progestin treatment and potentially enhance response to the presynchronization treatment. Estrus was synchronized for 393 mature beef cows across five locations. Treatments were represented in each location, and cows within each location were randomly assigned to one of the two protocols based on age, days postpartum (DPP), and body condition score (BCS). Cows assigned to the 14-d CIDR-PG treatment received a CIDR insert (1.38 g progesterone) on Day 0 with removal of CIDR on Day 14, and 25 mg PG 16 d after CIDR removal on Day 30. Cows assigned the 9-d CIDR-PG treatment received 25 mg PG and a CIDR insert (1.38 g progesterone) on Day 5; 25 mg PG and removal of CIDR on Day 14; and 25 mg PG 16 d after CIDR removal on Day 30. In both treatments, cows received FTAI on Day 33, 72 h after PG. All cows were administered 100 μg gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) concurrent with insemination. For a subset of animals in each treatment, ovarian ultrasound was performed and blood samples were collected for determination of serum estradiol concentrations at CIDR removal, PG administration, and FTAI. Protocols were compared on the basis of estrous response and pregnancy rate resulting from FTAI. Serum estradiol concentrations, follicle size, and estrous response did not differ based on treatment. However, cows assigned to the 9-d CIDR-PG protocol tended to achieve greater FTAI pregnancy rates than cows assigned to the 14-d CIDR-PG protocol (62% versus 52%; P = 0.07). Across treatments, greater pregnancy rates tended (P = 0.10) to be achieved by cows that expressed estrus prior to FTAI (69% for 9-d CIDR-PG, 58% for 14-d CIDR-PG) than by cows that failed to express estrus (55% for 9-d CIDR-PG, 47% for 14-d CIDR-PG). In summary, the 9-d CIDR-PG protocol is an effective protocol for synchronization of estrus among mature beef cows, and pregnancy rates to FTAI tended to be improved through use of the 9-d CIDR-PG compared to the 14-d CIDR-PG protocol.