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The Ax21 protein influences virulence and biofilm formation in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

The Ax21 protein influences virulence and biofilm formation in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Archives of Microbiology 200(1): 183-187

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative pathogen, which is associated with hospital-acquired infection. The genome encodes a protein highly related to the Ax21 protein of Xanthomonas oryzae that is implicated in interactions of this plant pathogen with rice. Here, we report on the pleiotropic nature of ax21 mutation in S. maltophilia and the effects of addition of the Ax21 protein on the restoration of the wild-type phenotype. We show that loss by mutation of Ax21 leads to reduced motility, reduced biofilm formation, reduced tolerance to the antibiotic tobramycin and reduced virulence to larvae of Galleria mellonella, as well as alteration in the expression of specific genes associated with virulence or antibiotic resistance. Addition of the Ax21protein restored motility and the level of gene expression towards wild type. These findings are consistent with the notion that the Ax21 protein is involved in intraspecies communication, although other interpretations cannot be discounted.

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Accession: 060328504

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PMID: 28965241

DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1433-7

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