+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks Related to the Macondo Spill (GC-HARMS) Study: Self-Reported Health Effects

The Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks Related to the Macondo Spill (GC-HARMS) Study: Self-Reported Health Effects

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(11)

The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) explosion in 2010 is the largest oil spill (Macondo) in U.S. We focused on gaining an understanding of the physical health and mental health effects attributable to the Macondo oil spill. This is a report of a cross-sectional cohort study (wave 1) to establish 'baseline' findings and meant to provide descriptive information to be used for a multi-wave, longitudinal study. Gulf Coast Health Alliance: health Risks related to the Macondo Spill (GC-HARMS) uses a Community-Based Participatory Research approach, thus including multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional academic partners and representatives of three communities impacted by the spill. Three research sites were selected for human sampling along the Gulf of Mexico coast including two from Mississippi and one from Louisiana, with Galveston, Texas, serving as a comparison site, given that it was not directly impacted by the spill. One hundred participants were selected from each community, representing adults, seniors and children, with approximately equal numbers of males and females in each group. Participants completed initial assessments including completion of a 'baseline' survey and, rigorous physical assessments. Results from wave 1 data collection reported herein reveal changes in self-reported physical health and mental health status following the oil spill, disparities in access to healthcare, and associations between mental health and emotional conditions related to displacement/unemployment. Few environmental health studies have been conducted in communities impacted by significant oil spills. Results imply potential prolonged effects on mental health and community vulnerability.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 060353368

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29088124

DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14111328

Related references

Climate Change and Health on the U.S. Gulf Coast: Public Health Adaptation is Needed to Address Future Risks. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12(8): 9342-9356, 2016

Cumulative effects of the Gulf oil spill and other disasters on mental health among reproductive-aged women: The Gulf Resilience on Women's Health study. Psychological Trauma 10(5): 533-541, 2017

Effects of Stress Related to the Gulf Oil Spill on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 41(1): 65-72, 2016

Comparison of pollution levels on the Mississippi Gulf Coast during the 2010 Gulf BP oil spill to ecological and health-based standards. Reviews on Environmental Health 27(2-3): 67-74, 2013

Mental health needs assessment after the Gulf Coast oil spill-Alabama and Mississippi, 2010. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 27(5): 401-408, 2013

Behavioral health in the gulf coast region following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: findings from two federal surveys. Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research 42(1): 6-22, 2016

The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and the Mississippi Gulf Coast: Mental health in the context of a technological disaster. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 84(2): 142-151, 2015

Preventive health services use, lifestyle health behavior risks, and self-reported health status of women in Ohio by ethnicity and completed education status. Women's Health Issues 12(2): 96-102, 2002

Behavioral Health of Gulf Coast Residents 6 Years After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Role of Trauma History. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 2018: 1-7, 2018

Potential health problems related to oil spill in Gulf of Mexico. Nurse Educator 35(5): 185, 2010

Environmental health risk assessment regulatory approach to assessing public health risks of a toxic chemical spill in the sacramento river. Abstracts of Papers American Chemical Society 203(1-3): CHAS18, 1992

Mechanisms of health: Education and health-related behaviours partially mediate the relationship between conscientiousness and self-reported physical health. Psychology and Health 25(3): 305-319, 2010

Health effects of the Gulf oil spill. JAMA 304(10): 1118-1119, 2010

Health effects related to nanoparticle exposures: environmental, health and safety considerations for assessing hazards and risks. Pharmacology and Therapeutics 120(1): 35-42, 2008

Mental health effects of the gulf oil spill. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 4(4): 273-276, 2012