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The origin of the ligand-controlled regioselectivity in Rh-catalyzed [(2 + 2) + 2] carbocyclizations: steric vs. stereoelectronic effects



The origin of the ligand-controlled regioselectivity in Rh-catalyzed [(2 + 2) + 2] carbocyclizations: steric vs. stereoelectronic effects



Chemical Science 6(12): 6896-6900



Density functional theory calculations demonstrate that the reversal of regiochemical outcome of the addition for substituted methyl propiolates in the rhodium-catalyzed [(2 + 2) + 2] carbocyclization with PPh3 and (S)-xyl-binap as ligands is both electronically and sterically controlled. For example, the ester functionality polarizes the alkyne π* orbital to favor overlap of the methyl-substituted terminus of the alkyne with the pπ-orbital of the alkenyl fragment of the rhodacycle during alkyne insertion with PPh3 as the ligand. In contrast, the sterically demanding xyl-binap ligand cannot accommodate the analogous alkyne orientation, thereby forcing insertion to occur at the sterically preferred ester terminus, overriding the electronically preferred orientation for alkyne insertion.

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Accession: 060370988

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 28757978

DOI: 10.1039/c5sc02307f


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