+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The parasites of Anolis lizards the northern Lesser Antilles : II. The structure of the parasite community



The parasites of Anolis lizards the northern Lesser Antilles : II. The structure of the parasite community



Oecologia 91(1): 118-125



The communities of parasitic helminths from ten species of lizards on seven islands in the Caribbean were examined to ascertain the relative importance of predictable deterministic factors and unpredicatable colonization or extinction events in determining the structure of the parasite community. A simple graphical model of community structure is used as a "null model" to describe the features of a community that are dependent only upon the size of the host population and features of the life histories of the constituent parasite species. This model predicts that parasite species will exhibit a nested pattern of local and global relative abundance. The observed data correspond fairly well to this pattern. The absences of individual parasite species from communities where they might be expected to be present emphasizes the role of stochastic colonization and extinction events in delineating the constituent members of the community on any island.Statistical analysis of the distribution of parasite species per host illustrates that this pattern is random in habitats where parasite species diversity is low, but decreasingly variable in habitats where more diverse parasite communities occur. Increased parasite diversity also leads to an increase in the proportion of hosts that contain mixed species infections. Comparisons of worm burdens from single and mixed species infections within individual hosts suggest that interactions between parasite species only rarely leads to reduced worm burdens.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 060371677

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 28313382

DOI: 10.1007/bf00317249


Related references

The parasites of anolis lizards the northern lesser antilles ii. the structure of the parasite community. Oecologia 91(1): 118-125, 1992

The parasites of anolis lizards in the northern lesser antilles i. patterns of distribution and abundance. Oecologia 91(1): 110-117, 1992

The parasites of Anolis lizards in the northern Lesser Antilles : I. Patterns of distribution and abundance. Oecologia 91(1): 110-117, 1992

Malarial parasites (Plasmodium) of Anolis lizards: biogeography in the Lesser Antilles. Biotropica 28(3): 388-393, 1996

Malaria infection in Anolis lizards on Martinique, Lesser Antilles. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo 23(1): 12-17, 1981

Helminths of 12 species of Anolis lizards from the Lesser Antilles, West Indies. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington 64(2): 248-257, 1997

A critical comparison of the taxon-cycle and character-displacement models for size evolution of Anolis lizards in the Lesser Antilles. Copeia(2): 9-88, 1992

Evolutionary relationships of the Anolis bimaculatus group from the northern Lesser Antilles. Journal of Herpetology ch; 35(1): 1-12, 2001

Helminth parasites of three sympatric lizards from Grand Cayman Island, Anolis conspersus, Anolis sagrei (Polychridae) and Leiocephalus carinatus (Tropiduridae). Caribbean Journal of Science 31(3-4): 339-340, 1995

Habitat constraints on the behavior morphology and community structure of anolis lizards. Ecology (Washington D C) 60(1): 152-164, 1979

Some niche differences in 3 lesser antillean lizards of the genus anolis genus anolis. Ecology (Washington D C) 49(5): 819-830, 1968

Control of arthropod abundance by anolis lizards on st eustatius netherlands antilles. Oecologia 64(2): 160-162, 1984

Control of arthropod abundance by Anolis lizards on St. Eustatius (Neth. Antilles). Oecologia 64(2): 160-162, 1984

Control of Arthropod Abundance by Anolis Lizards on St. Eustatius (Neth. Antilles). Oecologia 64(2): 160-162, 1984

Control of arthropod abundance by Anolis lizards on St. Eustatius (Neth. Antilles). Oecologia (Berlin): 642: 160-162, 1984