The peritumoural adipose tissue microenvironment and cancer. the roles of fatty acid binding protein 4 and fatty acid binding protein 5
Guaita-Esteruelas, S.; Gumà, J.; Masana, L.; Borràs, J.
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 462(Part B): 107-118
ISSN/ISBN: 1872-8057 PMID: 28163102 DOI: 10.1016/j.mce.2017.02.002
The adipose tissue microenvironment plays a key role in tumour initiation and progression because it provides fatty acids and adipokines to tumour cells. The fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) family is a group of small proteins that act as intracellular fatty acid transporters. Adipose-derived FABPs include FABP4 and FABP5. Both have an important role in lipid-related metabolic processes and overexpressed in many cancers, such as breast, prostate, colorectal and ovarian. Moreover, their expression in peritumoural adipose tissue is deregulated, and their circulating levels are upregulated in some tumours. In this review, we discuss the role of the peritumoural adipose tissue and the related adipokines FABP4 and FABP5 in cancer initiation and progression and the possible pathways implicated in these processes.