Therapeutic effect of a novel histone deacetylase 6 inhibitor, CKD-L, on collagen-induced arthritis in vivo and regulatory T cells in rheumatoid arthritis in vitro
Oh, B.R.; Suh, D.-H.; Bae, D.; Ha, N.; Choi, Y.I.; Yoo, H.J.; Park, J.K.; Lee, E.Y.; Lee, E.B.; Song, Y.W.
Arthritis Research and Therapy 19(1): 154
ISSN/ISBN: 1478-6362 PMID: 28673326 DOI: 10.1186/s13075-017-1357-2
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor has recently been reported to have a therapeutic effect as an anti-inflammatory agent in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). We investigated the therapeutic effect of a new selective HDAC6 inhibitor, CKD-L, compared to ITF 2357 or Tubastatin A on CIA and regulatory T (Treg) cells in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). CIA was induced by bovine type II collagen (CII) in DBA/1 J mice. Mice were treated with HDAC inhibitor for 18 days. Arthritis score was assessed and histological analysis was performed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stain. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein (CTLA)-4 expression in induced Treg cells was analyzed and suppression assay was analyzed using Treg cells and effector T (Teff) cells isolated from naive C57BL/6 mice by flow cytometry. Cytokines were analyzed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of five patients with RA by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) was analyzed using PMA- activated THP-1 cells by ELISA. Suppression assay was analyzed using Treg cells and Teff cells isolated from RA patients by flow cytometry. In the CIA model, CKD-L and Tubastatin A significantly decreased the arthritis score. CKD-L increased CTLA-4 expression in Foxp3+ T cells and inhibited the proliferation of Teff cells in the suppression assay. In RA PBMC, CKD-L significantly inhibited TNF and interleukin (IL)-1β, and increased IL-10. CKD-L and Tubastatin A inhibited TNF secretion from PMA-activated THP-1 cells. CKD-L and ITF 2357 inhibited the proliferation of Teff cells in RA patients in the suppression assay. Tubastatin A had no effect on inhibition of proliferation. CKD-L decreased the arthritis score in CIA, reduced the expression of TNF and IL-1β, and increased the expression of IL-10 in PBMC from RA patients. CKD-L increased CTLA-4 expression and the suppressive function of Treg cells. These results suggest that CKD-L may have a beneficial effect in the treatment of RA.