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Understanding Protein-Interface Interactions of a Fusion Protein at Silicone Oil-Water Interface Probed by Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy


Understanding Protein-Interface Interactions of a Fusion Protein at Silicone Oil-Water Interface Probed by Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy



Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 107(2): 682-689



ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3549

PMID: 29031976

DOI: 10.1016/j.xphs.2017.09.029

Protein adsorbed at the silicone oil-water interface can undergo a conformational change that has the potential to induce protein aggregation on storage. Characterization of the protein structures at interface is therefore critical for understanding the protein-interface interactions. In this article, we have applied sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy for studying the secondary structures of a fusion protein at interface and the surfactant effect on protein adsorption to silicone oil-water interface. SFG and chiral SFG spectra from adsorbed protein in the amide I region were analyzed. The presence of beta-sheet vibrational band at 1635 cm-1 implies the protein secondary structure was likely perturbed when protein adsorbed at silicone oil interface. The time-dependent SFG study showed a significant reduction in the SFG signal of preadsorbed protein when polysorbate 20 was introduced, suggesting surfactant has stronger interaction with the interface leading to desorption of protein from the interface. In the preadsorbed surfactant and a mixture of protein/polysorbate 20, SFG analysis confirmed that surfactant can dramatically prevent the protein adsorption to silicone oil surface. This study has demonstrated the potential of SFG for providing the detailed molecular level understanding of protein conformation at interface and assessing the influence of surfactant on protein adsorption behavior.

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Accession: 060439093

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