+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Worldwide Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Cereals and Cereal-Derived Food Products: Public Health Perspectives of Their Co-occurrence



Worldwide Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Cereals and Cereal-Derived Food Products: Public Health Perspectives of Their Co-occurrence



Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 65(33): 7034-7051



Cereal grains and their processed food products are frequently contaminated with mycotoxins. Among many, five major mycotoxins of aflatoxins, ochratoxins, fumonisins, deoxynivalenol, and zearalenone are of significant public health concern as they can cause adverse effects in humans. Being airborne or soilborne, the cosmopolitan nature of mycotoxigenic fungi contribute to the worldwide occurrence of mycotoxins. On the basis of the global occurrence data reported during the past 10 years, the incidences and maximum levels in raw cereal grains were 55% and 1642 μg/kg for aflatoxins, 29% and 1164 μg/kg for ochratoxin A, 61% and 71,121 μg/kg for fumonisins, 58% and 41,157 μg/kg, for deoxynivalenol, and 46% and 3049 μg/kg for zearalenone. The concentrations of mycotoxins tend to be lower in processed food products; the incidences varied depending on the individual mycotoxins, possibly due to the varying stability during processing and distribution of mycotoxins. It should be noted that more than one mycotoxin, produced by a single or several fungal species, may occur in various combinations in a given sample or food. Most studies reported additive or synergistic effects, suggesting that these mixtures may pose a significant threat to public health, particularly to infants and young children. Therefore, information on the co-occurrence of mycotoxins and their interactive toxicity is summarized in this paper.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 060482174

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27976878

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.6b04847


Related references

Mycotoxins in cereals and cereal products - occurrence and changes during processing. Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality 78(3): 168-173, 2004

Occurrence of mycotoxins in cereals and in cereal products - importance of the process of carry over. Schriftenreihe des Bundesministeriums fur Ernahrung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten Reihe A, Angewandte Wissenschaft ( 483): 208-224, 1999

Occurrence of emerging mycotoxins in cereals and cereal-based products from the Korean market using LC-MS/MS. Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment 2019: 1-7, 2019

Occurrence of four mycotoxins in cereal and oil products in Yangtze Delta region of China and their food safety risks. Food Control 35(1): 117-122, 2014

Advanced LC-MS-based methods to study the co-occurrence and metabolization of multiple mycotoxins in cereals and cereal-based food. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 410(3): 801-825, 2017

A review on ochratoxin A occurrence and effects of processing of cereal and cereal derived food products. Food Microbiology 27(2): 187-198, 2010

Fusarium mycotoxins and ochratoxin A in cereals and cereal products: results from the Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority in 2004. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research 50(4-5): 401-405, 2006

Occurrence of Fusarium mycotoxins in Italian cereal and cereal products from organic farming. Food Chemistry 141(3): 1747-1755, 2014

Occurrence of ochratoxin A in cereal-derived food products commonly consumed in Turkey. Food Control 25(1): 0-74, 2012

Occurrence of Fusarium Mycotoxins in Cereal Crops and Processed Products (Ogi) from Nigeria. Toxins 8(11), 2017

Occurrence of aflatoxins in cereals and cereal products. The Journal of applied bacteriology: 08, 1981

Rapid surface plasmon resonance immunoassays for the determination of mycotoxins in cereals and cereal-based food products. World Mycotoxin Journal 7(4): 491-505, 2014

Natural occurrence of type-B trichothecene mycotoxins in Korean cereal-based products. Food Additives and Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance 4(2): 132-140, 2014

Occurrence of free and conjugated Fusarium mycotoxins in cereal-based food. Food Additives and Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure and Risk Assessment 27(8): 1148-1152, 2010

Modified Fusarium Mycotoxins in Cereals and Their Products-Metabolism, Occurrence, and Toxicity: An Updated Review. Molecules 23(4), 2018