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Youth Sexual Health: Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Among Students at a University in Turkey



Youth Sexual Health: Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Among Students at a University in Turkey



Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi 51(3): 222-228



To determine sexual attitudes, behavior, and knowledge of Namik Kemal University (NKU) students about sexual health and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). A sample representing 10% of the undergraduate population of NKU in 2009-2010, was studied. Of 1,500 questionnaires distributed, 1,314 (87.6%) were filled out. The mean age of the respondents (52.9% male) was 20.07±1.75 years. The rate of students who had received sexual health education was 32.0%, and 15.3% had previously used a sexual health service. Eleven percent of the female students and 50.3% of the male students had had sexual intercourse. The average age of initial sexual intercourse was 16.83±2.07 years. Of the students who had had sexual intercourse, 46.6% reported that they did not use any contraception method. The most preferred method was condoms (37.6%). The rate of contraceptive use was 58.7% in sexually educated students and 43.9% in those not educated (p=.004). The most well-known STI was AIDS (96.5%), with sexually educated students giving higher rates of correct answers about STIs (p<.05). The students who had received sexual health education were more knowledgeable about vital consequences of STI's, even though it is not sufficient, than sexually active students. Awareness of safe sexual practices and changes in behavior, in particular, promoting condom use should be established in higher risk youths. Deficiencies in knowledge could be addressed by adding a sexual healthtraining component to the university curriculum, and unmet requirements could be met by reorganizing medico-social centers in universities. Çalışmanın amacı, Namık Kemal Üniversitesi(NKU) öğrencilerinin cinsel sağlık ve cinsel yolla bulaşan enfeksiyonlar(CYBE) konusunda bilgi düzeyi, tutum ve davranışlarını belirlemektedir. NKU 2009–2010 eğitim-öğretim yılı öğrenci nüfusunun %10’u olasılıklı örnekleme yöntemleriyle örneklem grubuna seçildi. Dağıtılan 1500 anket formunun 1314’ü dolduruldu. Anket geri dönüş hızı %87,6’ydı. Öğrencilerin yaş ortalamaları 20,07±1,75 olarak hesaplandı, %52,9’u erkekti. Örneklemin %32,0’si önceden cinsel sağlık eğitimi aldığını; %15,3’ü cinsel sağlık hizmeti kullandığını belirtti. İlk cinsel ilişki yaşı ortalaması 16,83±2,07 olarak bulundu. Cinsel ilişkide bulunan öğrencilerin %46,6’sı herhangi bir kontraseptif yöntem kullanmadığını belirtti. En sık kullanılan kontraseptif yöntem kondomdu (%37,6). Kontraseptif kullanım hızı cinsel eğitim almış öğrencilerde %58,7, eğitim almamışlarda %43,9 olarak bulundu (p=0,004). En iyi bilinen CYBE, AIDS’ti (%96,5). Cinsel sağlık eğitimi almış öğrencilerin CYBE’lar ile ilgili sorularda daha yüksek puan aldıkları belirlendi (p<0,05). Önceden cinsel sağlık eğitimi almış öğrenciler yaşamsal önemi olan CYBE’lar hakkında -yeterli olmasa da- cinsel aktif öğrencilerden daha fazla bilgiye sahiptiler. Güvenli cinsel yaşam ve özellikle riskli grupta yer alan gençlerde kondom kullanımı konusunda farkındalık yaratmak gereklidir. Üniversite müfredatı içinde cinsel sağlık eğitimlerine yer verilmesi ve mediko-sosyallerin cinsel sağlık hizmeti de sunacak şekilde yeniden yapılandırılması gençlerin bu alandaki gereksinimlerini karşılanmasını sağlayabilir.

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