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Efflux pump inhibitor CCCP to rescue colistin susceptibility in mcr-1 plasmid-mediated colistin-resistant strains and Gram-negative bacteria



Efflux pump inhibitor CCCP to rescue colistin susceptibility in mcr-1 plasmid-mediated colistin-resistant strains and Gram-negative bacteria



Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 2018



Efflux in bacteria is a ubiquitous mechanism associated with resistance to antimicrobials agents. Efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) have been developed to inhibit efflux mechanisms and could be a good alternative to reverse colistin resistance, but only CCCP has shown good activity. The aim of our study was to identify CCCP activity in a collection of 93 Gram-negative bacteria with known and unknown colistin resistance mechanisms including isolates with mcr-1 plasmid-mediated colistin resistance. Colistin MIC was evaluated with and without CCCP and the fold decrease of colistin MIC was calculated for each strain. In order to evaluate the effect of this combination, a time-kill study was performed on five strains carrying different colistin resistance mechanisms. Overall, CCCP was able to reverse colistin resistance for all strains tested. The effect of CCCP was significantly greater on intrinsically colistin-resistant bacteria (i.e. Proteus spp., Serratia marcescens, Morganella morganii and Providencia spp.) than on other Enterobacteriaceae (Pā€Š<ā€Š0.0001). The same was true for bacteria with a heteroresistance mechanism compared to bacteria with other colistin resistance mechanisms (Pā€Š<ā€Š0.0001). A time-kill study showed the combination was bacteriostatic on strains tested. These results suggest an efflux mechanism, especially on intrinsically resistant bacteria and Enterobacter spp., but further analysis is needed to identify the molecular support of this mechanism. EPIs could be an alternative for restoring colistin activity in Gram-negative bacteria. Further work is necessary to identify new EPIs that could be used in humans.

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Accession: 060857300

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29718423

DOI: 10.1093/jac/dky134


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