Interaction between Drug Acetylation and Ethanol, Acetate, Pyruvate, Citrate, and L (minus;) Carnitine in Isolated Rat Liver Parenchymal Cells

Harald Olsen

Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology 50(1): 67-74


ISSN/ISBN: 1742-7835
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0773.1982.tb00941.x
Accession: 061674817

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The acetylation of sulfanilamide and procainamide in suspensions of isolated rat parenchymal cells was studied in absence and presence of ethanol (33mM), citrate (4 mM), pyruvate (4 mM), and L(-)carnitine (2 mM). Ethanol treatment enhanced the sulfanilamide acetylation whereas the acetylation of procainamide was considered to be unchanged. Acetate (1-5 mM), citrate, and pyruvate treatment enhanced the acetylation of both sulfanilamide and procainamide. Acetate (4 mM) increased both Km and Vmax of both sulfanilamide and procainamide acetylation. Combined treatment with L(-)carnitine and either acetate, pyruvate, or citrate enhanced the acetylation rate of sulfanilamide more than acetate, pyruvate, or citrate, respectively alone. In cell suspensions treated with L(-) carnitine and acetate or pyruvate, the acetylation kinetics of sulfanilamide changed from zero-to apparent first-order. With procainamide as test drug, a further increase of the acetylation rate was found when L(-) carnitine was added to citrate pyruvate. Acetyl-CoA increased the rate of sulfanilamide acetylation in rat liver homogenates in a dose dependent manner.