α1 (but not α2) -Adrenoceptor Agonists in Combination with the Dopamine D2 Agonist Quinpirole Produce Locomotor Stimulation in Dopamine-Depleted Mice

Galia Eshel; Svante, B. Ross; Diana Kelder; Lil, E. M. Edis; David, M. Jackson

Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology 67(2): 123-131

1990


ISSN/ISBN: 1742-7835
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0773.1990.tb00797.x
Accession: 062143815

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Abstract
Mice were premedicated with reserpine and alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine to deplete stores of dopamine (DA) (and other neurotransmitters) and to stop DA (and noradrenaline (NA] synthesis. In DA-depleted mice, the mixed alpha 1/alpha 2 agonist clonidine potentiated locomotor stimulation induced by a low dose of apomorphine as measured in automated activity cages. Clonidine and the slightly alpha 1-selective agonist ST587, but not ST91, an alpha-agonist which does not readily cross the blood brain barrier, produced marked stimulation when combined with the selective D2 agonist quinpirole. The D1 -selective agonist SKF38393 also produced marked excitation when combined with quinpirole. All the selective agonists, bar quinpirole which in some cases produced a significant locomotor stimulation, were relatively inactive when given alone. A "blind" observational analysis of the animals challenged with clonidine plus quinpirole indicated an increase in sniffing, rearing and shaking behaviour. In contrast, observation of the animals challenged with SKF38393 plus quinpirole indicated increased sniffing, rearing and biting and, in one case, increased grooming behaviour. Clonidine did not produce excitation (in automated cages) when combined with the selective D1 agonist SKF38393. The excitation produced by clonidine plus quinpirole was blocked by the selective D2 antagonist raclopride but not by the selective D1 antagonist SCH23390. The stimulation was also blocked by the alpha 1 antagonist prazosin but not by the alpha 2 antagonists idazoxan or yohimbine. Biochemical analysis in the striata of mice challenged with clonidine plus quinpirole did not provide any obvious biochemical basis for the behavioural interaction. It is concluded that alpha 1 receptor agonists in combination with D2 DA agonists can produce marked stimulation in DA depleted mice.