+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Evidence of subclinical foot-and-mouth disease virus infection in young calves born from clinically recovered cow under natural condition



Evidence of subclinical foot-and-mouth disease virus infection in young calves born from clinically recovered cow under natural condition



Tropical Animal Health and Production 50(5): 1167-1170



Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious and economically important, transboundary viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals. It is known that an asymptomatic, persistent FMD virus (FMDV) infection may occur subsequent to acute or subclinical FMDV infection in adult ruminants. However, virus persistence in young calves has not been studied. In the current investigation, FMDV infection parameters were examined for calves born to FMD-clinically recovered cows (CRC), asymptomatic cows from infected herds (ASC) and cows from with no history of FMD (NHF). The study was conducted in natural condition after FMD outbreaks in two dairy herds in India. No calves described herein had any clinical signs of FMD. Six out of 12 calves born to CRC had detectable FMDV RNA in oesophageal-pharyngeal fluid consistent with asymptomatic FMDV infection. Three of the 12 calves of CRC group had seroreactivity against FMDV non-structural proteins. One calf had detectable FMDV RNA at two consecutive samplings at 2 months apart. However, infectious FMDV was not isolated from any calf in the study. None of the calves in the ASC or NHF groups had any evidence of FMDV infection. Overall, these data are consistent with earlier report on calves having been infected in utero. Further investigation of FMDV persistence in calves under controlled conditions may lead to greater understanding of the viral pathogenesis.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 063592102

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29388163

DOI: 10.1007/s11250-018-1518-6


Related references

Colostral immunity in calves born of cows that have recovered from foot and mouth disease. Veterinariya, Moscow, USSR (9): 40-41, 1978

Passive immunity in calves born of cows that have recovered from foot-and-mouth disease or been vaccinated against it. Veterinarno-Meditsinski Nauki 12(7): 3-7, 1975

Colostral immunity study of calves born of cows that have recovered from foot-and-mouth disease. Veterinariia 1978(9): 40-41, 1978

Study of colostral immunity in calves born to cows recovered from foot and mouth disease. Veterinariya (Moscow) (9): 40-41, 1978

Study of colostral immunity in calves born of cows that have recovered from foot-and-mouth disease. Veterinariia: ezhemesiachnyi teoreticheskii i nauchno prakticheskii zhurnal: (9) 40-41, 1978

Colostral antibodies for foot-and-mouth-disease (FMD) virus in new-born calves. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 51(1): 29-34, 1981

Persistence of colostral antibodies against virus-infection-associated (VIA) antigen and virus neutralizing antibodies induced by natural infection with foot-and-mouth disease virus in Indian buffalo (Bubalus bubalus) calves. Revista da Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia da Universidade de Sao Paulo 24(1): 35-40, 1987

Foot-and-mouth disease virus. Antibody response of goats after natural outbreak and artificial infection of foot-and-mouth disease. Indian Vet Jour 39(9): 465-472, 1962

Infection of new-born rabbits with foot and mouth disease virus. Rev. bras. Biol, 14: 343-353, 1954

Atypical forms and variations in foot-and-mouth disease, report 4 - atypical, gastroenteric form of foot-and-mouth disease in newly born calves. 1978

Atypical forms of foot and mouth disease and variability of the virus. 3. Gastro-enteric form in young and adult cattle. 4. Gastro-enteric form in new-born calves.. Sbornik Trudov Gruzinskii Zootekhnichesko veterinarnyi Institut 37: 287-300, 301-310, 1970

Different infection parameters between dairy cows and calves after an infection with foot-and-mouth disease virus. Veterinary Journal 186(1): 116-118, 2010

Hand, foot, and mouth disease. A clinically recognizable virus infection seen mainly in children. Clinical Pediatrics 6(6): 373-376, 1967

Artificial infection of the unfed new-born calf with foot and mouth disease virus. Zbl. Bdkt, 163: 230-238, 1955

The airborne dispersal of foot-and-mouth disease virus from vaccinated and recovered pigs, cattle and sheep after exposure to infection. Research in Veterinary Science 23(1): 70-75, 1977