Physicochemical properties and development of wheat large and small starch granules during endosperm development

Cunxu Wei; Jun Zhang; Yifang Chen; Weidong Zhou; Bin Xu; Youping Wang; Jianmin Chen

Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 32(5): 905-916

2010


ISSN/ISBN: 0137-5881
DOI: 10.1007/s11738-010-0478-x
Accession: 063968912

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Abstract
Wheat mature seeds have large, lenticular A-type starch granules, and small, spherical B-type and irregular C-type starch granules. During endosperm development, large amyloplasts came from proplastid, divided and increased in number through binary fission from 4 to 12 days after flowering (DAF). Large starch granules formed and developed in the large amyloplast. One large amyloplast had only one large starch granule. Small amyloplasts came from the protrusion of large amyloplast envelope, divided and increased in number through envelope protrusion after 12 DAF. B-type starch granules formed and developed in small amyloplast from 12 to 18 DAF, C-type starch granules formed and developed in small amyloplast after 18 DAF. Many B- and C-type starch granules might form and develop in one small amyloplast. The amyloplast envelopes were asynchronously degraded and starch granules released into cell matrix when amyloplasts were full of starch granules. Apparent amylose contents of large starch granules were higher than that of small starch granules, and increased with endosperm development. The swelling powers and crystallinity of large starch granule were lower than that of small starch granules, and decreased with endosperm development. Small starch granules displayed broader gelatinization temperature ranges than did large starch granules.