+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Fabrication of cellulose nanowhiskers reinforced chitosan-xylan nanocomposite films with antibacterial and antioxidant activities



Fabrication of cellulose nanowhiskers reinforced chitosan-xylan nanocomposite films with antibacterial and antioxidant activities



Carbohydrate Polymers 184: 66-73



Antibacterial and antioxidant chitosan-xylan/cellulose nanowhiskers (CNW) nanocomposite films were successfully prepared using CNW as nanofillers. The structure and morphology of the nanocomposite films were investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The optical transmittance, thermal stability, mechanical property, and swelling property of the nanocomposite films were also evaluated. These results revealed the microstructure of the films and confirmed the good miscibility between chitosan-xylan and CNW. The improvements of tensile strength and elongation at break of the nanocomposite films confirmed the reinforcement effects of CNW. Moreover, the inhibitory effects against S. aureus and E. coli and the ABTS+ scavenging activity indicated antibacterial and antioxidant functions of the nanocomposite films. In this work, the prepared chitosan-xylan/CNW nanocomposite films, combined the antibacterial property of chitosan, the antioxidant property of xylan, and good mechanical property of CNW, could be potentially applied in food and health-related areas.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 064511388

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29352944

DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.12.051


Related references

Fabrication and characterization of chitosan, polyvinylpyrrolidone, and cellulose nanowhiskers nanocomposite films for wound healing drug delivery application. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part a 105(9): 2391-2404, 2017

Bio-active nanocomposite films based on nanocrystalline cellulose reinforced styrylquinoxalin-grafted-chitosan: Antibacterial and mechanical properties. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 114: 733-740, 2018

Fabrication of biocompatible and mechanically reinforced graphene oxide-chitosan nanocomposite films. Chemistry Central Journal 7(1): 39, 2013

Fabrication of bio-nanocomposite films based on fish gelatin reinforced with chitosan nanoparticles. Food Hydrocolloids 44: 172-182, 2015

Mechanical and barrier properties of nanocrystalline cellulose reinforced chitosan based nanocomposite films. Carbohydrate Polymers 90(4): 1601-1608, 2012

Development of polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan bio-nanocomposite films reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals isolated from rice straw. Applied Surface Science 449: 591-602, 2018

Properties of alginate-based films reinforced with cellulose fibers and cellulose nanowhiskers isolated from mulberry pulp. Food Hydrocolloids 63: 201-208, 2017

Synthesis and antibacterial activities of novel nanocomposite films of chitosan/phosphoramide/Fe3O4 NPs. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 60: 226-234, 2013

Cellulose nanocrystals/ZnO as a bifunctional reinforcing nanocomposite for poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitosan blend films: fabrication, characterization and properties. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 15(6): 11040-11053, 2014

Metastable patterning of plasma nanocomposite films by incorporating cellulose nanowhiskers. Langmuir 28(2): 1427-1438, 2012

Physical properties and antioxidant capacity of chitosan/epigallocatechin-3-gallate films reinforced with nano-bacterial cellulose. Carbohydrate Polymers 179: 207-220, 2018

Antibacterial and antifouling activities of chitosan/TiO2/Ag NPs nanocomposite films against packaged drinking water bacterial isolates. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 23(19): 19529-19540, 2016

Anionic and cationic nanocomposite hydrogels reinforced with cellulose and chitin nanowhiskers: effect of electrolyte concentration on mechanical properties and swelling behaviors. Polymers for Advanced Technologies 25(10): 1108-1115, 2014

Fabrication and characterization of carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals reinforced glutenin nanocomposite. Cellulose 21(6): 4167-4180, 2014

Evaluation of the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of chitosan edible films incorporated with organic essential oils obtained from four Thymus species. Journal of Food Science and Technology 53(8): 3374-3379, 2016