Section 66
Chapter 65,067

FANCA Promotes DNA Double-Strand Break Repair by Catalyzing Single-Strand Annealing and Strand Exchange

Benitez, A.; Liu, W.; Palovcak, A.; Wang, G.; Moon, J.; An, K.; Kim, A.; Zheng, K.; Zhang, Y.; Bai, F.; Mazin, A.V.; Pei, X-Hai.; Yuan, F.; Zhang, Y.

Molecular Cell 71(4): 621-628.E4


ISSN/ISBN: 1097-2765
PMID: 30057198
DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2018.06.030
Accession: 065066458

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FANCA is a component of the Fanconi anemia (FA) core complex that activates DNA interstrand crosslink repair by monoubiquitination of FANCD2. Here, we report that purified FANCA protein catalyzes bidirectional single-strand annealing (SA) and strand exchange (SE) at a level comparable to RAD52, while a disease-causing FANCA mutant, F1263Δ, is defective in both activities. FANCG, which directly interacts with FANCA, dramatically stimulates its SA and SE activities. Alternatively, FANCB, which does not directly interact with FANCA, does not stimulate this activity. Importantly, five other patient-derived FANCA mutants also exhibit deficient SA and SE, suggesting that the biochemical activities of FANCA are relevant to the etiology of FA. A cell-based DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair assay demonstrates that FANCA plays a direct role in the single-strand annealing sub-pathway (SSA) of DSB repair by catalyzing SA, and this role is independent of the canonical FA pathway and RAD52.

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