+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) in a compost facility: heavy metal contaminations and health risk assessment, Tehran, Iran



Fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) in a compost facility: heavy metal contaminations and health risk assessment, Tehran, Iran



Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 25(16): 15715-15725



The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of PM2.5 particles, potential sources, and determination of health risk assessment of heavy metals in various parts of composting facilities of Tehran's Kahrizak. A total of 60 PM2.5 particle samples were collected every 3 days from January to March 2016. To analyze the heavy metals, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) was applied. SEM-EDX analysis indicated that metals of Al, Si, Mg, Na, Au, S, Ca, K, and Co were dominant in the structure of particles. The concentration of PM2.5 was found to be the highest in the final processing site (c), followed by primary processing site (a) and the aerated site (b). The mean concentrations of Al and Fe in all sampling sites of a, b, and c were 7.46 ± 2.73, 1.48 ± 0.59, 24.30 ± 8.23 μg/m3 and 4.97 ± 2.83, 1.33 ± 0.48, 16.48 ± 7.36, respectively. The enrichment factor order of the trace elements was as follows: Cd > As > Pb > Zn > Cu > V > Cr > Ni > Mn > Fe > Al, with the highest EF value exceeding 10,000 for Cd at the a site. For all sampling sites in composting facilities, the cancer risk was more than > 1 × 10-4 as posed by the total of five carcinogenic metals (Pb, Cr, As, Ni, and Cd), indicating that risk factors were not negligible.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 065153000

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29574647

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-018-1625-y


Related references

Meteorological correlates and AirQ+ health risk assessment of ambient fine particulate matter in Tehran, Iran. Environmental Research 170: 141-150, 2018

Sequential prediction of quantitative health risk assessment for the fine particulate matter in an underground facility using deep recurrent neural networks. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 169: 316-324, 2018

Chemical fractionation of heavy metals in fine particulate matter and their health risk assessment through inhalation exposure pathway. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 2018, 2018

Health risk assessment of heavy metals on PM 2.5 in Tehran air, Iran. Data in Brief 17: 347-355, 2018

The heavy metal pollution in suspended particulate matter of Hongfeng Lake in Guiyang City and their potential ecological risk assessment. Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 27.2, 2008

Distribution and Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Atmospheric Particulate Matter and Dust. Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue 38(9): 3575-3584, 2018

Characterization and risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban atmospheric Particulate of Tehran, Iran. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 23(2): 1820-1832, 2016

Mass concentration and health risk assessment of heavy metals in size-segregated airborne particulate matter in Changsha. Science of the Total Environment 517: 215-221, 2015

Health risk assessment of heavy metal intake due to fish consumption in the Sistan region, Iran. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 189(11): 583, 2018

Levels and health risk assessments of particulate matters (PM2.5 and PM10) in indoor/outdoor air of waterpipe cafés in Tehran, Iran. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 2019, 2019

Study of heavy metal levels in indoor dust and their health risk assessment in children of Ahvaz city, Iran. Toxin Reviews 35(1-2): 16-23, 2016

Health risk assessment for air pollutants: alterations in lung and cardiac gene expression in mice exposed to Milano winter fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Plos One 9(10): E109685, 2015

Arsenic and heavy metal contaminations in the tube well water of Punjab, Pakistan and risk assessment: A case study. Ecological Engineering 95: 90-100, 2016

Ecological and Human Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metal Content of Atmospheric Dry Deposition, a Case Study: Kermanshah, Iran. Biological Trace Element Research 2018, 2018

Source identification and risk assessment of heavy metal contaminations in urban soils of Changsha, a mine-impacted city in Southern China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 23(17): 17058-17066, 2017