+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

Foster care promotes adaptive functioning in early adolescence among children who experienced severe, early deprivation

Foster care promotes adaptive functioning in early adolescence among children who experienced severe, early deprivation

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 59(7): 811-821

ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9630

PMID: 29389015

DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12865

Experiences in early life lay the foundation for later development and functioning. Severe psychosocial deprivation, as experienced by children in early institutional care, constitutes an adverse experience with long-term negative consequences. The Bucharest Early Intervention Project sought to examine the effects of foster care as an alternative to institutional care for abandoned infants in Romanian institutions. At a mean age of 22 months, institutionalized children were randomized to foster care or care as usual. At age 12 years, we followed-up with 98 of these children (50 randomized to foster care), as well as assessed 49 never institutionalized comparison children. Adaptive functioning was assessed across seven domains-mental health, physical health, substance use, risk-taking behavior, family relations, peer relations, and academic performance. Children at or above the threshold for adaptive functioning in at least six of seven domains were classified as having overall adaptive functioning in early adolescence. Among all children who had experienced severe early deprivation, 40% exhibited adaptive functioning. Children randomized to foster care were significantly more likely to exhibit adaptive functioning at age 12 years than children in the care as usual condition (56% vs. 23%). In support of external validity, children who met the threshold for adaptive functioning at age 12 years had higher IQs and were more physiologically responsive to stress. Among children randomized to foster care, children placed prior to age 20 months were more likely to meet the threshold for adaptive functioning than those placed after this age (79% vs. 46%). This study provides causal evidence that placing children into families following severe deprivation increases the likelihood of adaptive functioning in early adolescence.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 065159533

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Cerebellar Volume and Cognitive Functioning in Children Who Experienced Early Deprivation. Biological Psychiatry (1969) 66(12): 1100-1106, 2009

Cerebellar volume and cognitive functioning in children who experienced early deprivation. Biological Psychiatry 66(12): 1100-1106, 2009

The consequences of severe early deprivation as they emerged in the psychotherapy of a girl in foster care. Journal of Child PsychoTherapy 8(1): 37-55, 1982

Early caregiving quality predicts consistency of competent functioning from middle childhood to adolescence following early psychosocial deprivation. Development and Psychopathology 33(1): 18-28, 2021

Caregiving quality modulates neuroendocrine and immunological markers in young children in foster care who have experienced early adversity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 63(5): 535-543, 2022

Inattention/overactivity following early severe institutional deprivation: presentation and associations in early adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 36(3): 385-398, 2008

Emotional difficulties in early adolescence following severe early deprivation: findings from the English and Romanian adoptees study. Development and Psychopathology 20(2): 547-567, 2008

Do the effects of early severe deprivation on cognition persist into early adolescence? Findings from the English and Romanian adoptees study. Child Development 77(3): 696-711, 2006

The effects of severe psychosocial deprivation and foster care intervention on cognitive development at 8 years of age: findings from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 52(9): 919-928, 2011

Severe multisensory speech integration deficits in high-functioning school-aged children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and their resolution during early adolescence. Cerebral Cortex 25(2): 298-312, 2015

The Foster-Mothers in a Family Home for the Cure of Severe Emotional Deprivation of the Early Childhood. L' Evolution Psychiatrique 29: 411-436, 1964

Effects of nonmaternal care in the first 3 years on children's academic skills and behavioral functioning in childhood and early adolescence: a sibling comparison study. Child Development 82(4): 1076-1091, 2011

Depression of the adolescence and early deprivation of maternal care. Revue de Neuropsychiatrie Infantile et d'Hygiene Mentale de l'Enfance 24(6): 309-318, 1976

Social communication deficits following early-life deprivation and relation to psychopathology: a randomized clinical trial of foster care. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines 61(12): 1360-1369, 2020

High-Quality Foster Care Mitigates Callous-Unemotional Traits Following Early Deprivation in Boys: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 54(12): 977-983, 2015