Functional Predominance of msr (D) , which Is more Effective as mef (A) -Associated than mef (E) -Associated, over mef (A) /mef (E) in Macrolide Resistance in Streptococcus pyogenes
Tatsuno, I.; Isaka, M.; Masuno, K.; Hata, N.; Matsumoto, M.; Hasegawa, T.
Microbial Drug Resistance 24(8): 1089-1097
ISSN/ISBN: 1931-8448 PMID: 29406792 DOI: 10.1089/mdr.2017.0277
Although mef(A) and its subclass mef(E) genes have long been considered to play a central role in macrolide efflux-based resistance, we have previously demonstrated that the msr(D) gene located immediately downstream of the mef(A) gene plays a predominant role in Streptococcus pyogenes macrolide resistance. The mef(A) and mef(E) genes are carried by different genetic elements and the resistance associated with mef(A) was reported to be higher than that associated with mef(E); therefore, we further investigated the functional relevance of mef(A)/mef(E) and its associated msr(D). We established additional mef(A)-, mef(E)-, and their associated msr(D)-knockout strains and confirmed the predominance of msr(D) over mef(A)/mef(E). In addition, we performed experiments introducing mef(A), mef(E), and their associated msr(D) genes into mef(A)/mef(E)-msr(D) double-knockout and mef(A)/mef(E) negative strains. Neither mef(A) nor mef(E) genes had effects on erythromycin resistance. However, both associated msr(D) showed significant effects, and the mef(A)-associated msr(D) exhibited more effect than the mef(E)-associated one. These results suggest that an overall functional predominance of msr(D) over mef(A)/mef(E) is conceivable in efflux-based macrolide resistance in at least some S. pyogenes strains. Furthermore, the higher resistance of mef(A) system over mef(E) system could be derived at least in part from functional differences of mef(A)- and mef(E)-associated msr(D).