+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Gambling Disorder in Male Violent Offenders in the Prison System: Psychiatric and Substance-Related Comorbidity



Gambling Disorder in Male Violent Offenders in the Prison System: Psychiatric and Substance-Related Comorbidity



Journal of Gambling Studies 35(2): 485-500



Gambling disorder is an addiction that can cause major suffering, and some populations seem to be more vulnerable than others. Offender populations have a remarkably high prevalence of gambling problems and they are also over-represented in a number of diagnoses related to gambling disorder, like substance use disorders and antisocial personality disorder. Yet, there are few studies investigating gambling disorder prevalence and related psychiatric comorbidity in this group. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of, and association between, gambling disorder and other psychiatric diagnoses in a sample of young, male violent offenders. Two hundred and sixty-four male offenders, all serving sentences for violent crimes (recruited between 2010 and 2012) participated in this study and went through comprehensive psychiatric evaluation, including assessment for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition criteria. Sixteen percent of the participants met criteria for gambling disorder. Antisocial personality disorder, cannabis, cocaine and anabolic steroids abuse were significantly more common among participants with gambling disorder. The gambling disorder group also showed significantly lower educational attainment. Cocaine abuse and failure to graduate elementary and middle school in expected time were independently associated with gambling disorder in a regression analysis. This study confirms the previously described high prevalence of gambling disorder in offenders. The psychiatric comorbidity was high and the problems had started early, with lower educational attainment in the gambling disorder group. The findings stress the importance of increased awareness of gambling problems among convicted offenders and of gambling research on young people with delinquent behavior. There is a need of more research to investigate this further, in order to develop preventive strategies and treatment.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 065166817

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29971589

DOI: 10.1007/s10899-018-9785-8


Related references

Borderline personality disorder: Prevalence and psychiatric comorbidity among male offenders on probation in Sweden. Comprehensive Psychiatry 62: 63-70, 2015

Decision-making deficits in patients diagnosed with disordered gambling using the Cambridge Gambling task: the effects of substance use disorder comorbidity. Brain and Behavior 4(4): 484-494, 2014

Drugged and Dangerous: Prevalence and Variants of Substance Use Comorbidity Among Seriously Violent Offenders in the United States. Journal of Drug Issues 45(3): 232-248, 2015

Psychiatric comorbidity and the 16-month trajectory of substance-abusing and substance-dependent juvenile offenders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 38(9): 1118-1124, 1999

Psychiatric comorbidity and 16-month trajectory of substance-abusing and substance-dependent juvenile offenders. Journal of Child and Family Nursing 3(2): 134-135, 2001

Primary and Secondary Diagnoses of Gambling Disorder and Psychiatric Comorbidity in the Swedish Health Care System-A Nationwide Register Study. Frontiers in Psychiatry 9: 426, 2018

Violent Female Offenders Compared With Violent Male Offenders on Psychological Determinants of Aggressive Behavior. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 62(2): 450-467, 2018

Leisure Experience, Prison Culture, or Victimization? Sex Offenders Report on Prison Gambling. Victims & Offenders 1(2): 175-192, 2006

Psychiatric morbidity among convicted male sex offenders at Kamiti Prison, Kenya. East African Medical Journal 84(4): 151-155, 2007

Can we distinguish juvenile violent sex offenders, violent non-sex offenders, and versatile violent sex offenders based on childhood risk factors?. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 27(11): 2128-2143, 2012

Antisocial personality disorder in incarcerated offenders: Psychiatric comorbidity and quality of life. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry 22(2): 113-120, 2010

Psychiatric comorbidity differences in male and female adult psychiatric inpatients with substance use disorders. Comprehensive Psychiatry 38(3): 155-159, 1997

Borderline personality disorder in male and female offenders newly committed to prison. Comprehensive Psychiatry 48(5): 400-405, 2007

The relationship between attribution of blame for a violent act and EPQ-R sub-scales in male offenders with mental disorder. Personality and Individual Differences 34(8): 1467-1475, 2003

Substance use disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder comorbidity: Addiction and psychiatric treatment rates. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 13(2): 115-122, 1999