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Identification of key genes of papillary thyroid cancer using integrated bioinformatics analysis



Identification of key genes of papillary thyroid cancer using integrated bioinformatics analysis



Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 41(10): 1237-1245



To identify novel clinically relevant genes in papillary thyroid carcinoma from public databases. Four original microarray datasets, GSE3678, GSE3467, GSE33630 and GSE58545, were downloaded. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were filtered from integrated data. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed, followed by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction. The CentiScape pug-in was performed to scale degree. The genes at the top of the degree distribution (≥ 95% percentile) in the significantly perturbed networks were defined as central genes. UALCAN and The Cancer Genome Atlas Clinical Explorer were used to verify clinically relevant genes and perform survival analysis. 225 commonly changed DEGs (111 up-regulated and 114 down-regulated) were identified. The DEGs were classified into three groups by GO terms. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed DEGs mainly enriched in the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, pathways in cancer, focal adhesion and proteoglycans in cancer. DEGs' protein-protein interaction (PPI) network complex was developed; six central genes (BCL2, CCND1, FN1, IRS1, COL1A1, CXCL12) were identified. Among them, BCL2, CCND1 and COL1A1 were identified as clinically relevant genes. BCL2, CCND1 and COL1A1 may be key genes for papillary thyroid carcinoma. Further molecular biological experiments are required to confirm the function of the identified genes.

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Accession: 065212955

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PMID: 29520684

DOI: 10.1007/s40618-018-0859-3


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