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Integrated assessment of ecosystem quality of arid inland river basin based on RS and GIS: A case study on Shiyang River Basin, Northwest China



Integrated assessment of ecosystem quality of arid inland river basin based on RS and GIS: A case study on Shiyang River Basin, Northwest China



Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 28(1): 199-209



石羊河流域是河西走廊东段重要生态区,也是用水矛盾最突出、生态环境问题最严重的地区之一,对其进行生态系统质量的评价,可为干旱区内陆河流域的生态保护工作提供借鉴.依据生态系统质量概念,以统计数据、遥感数据和土地覆被数据为基础,从生态系统的3方面(生产力、稳定性和承载力)构建评价指数,基于非参数Kruskal-Wallis卡方(χ2)检验和熵值法确定指标权重,结合RS、GIS和SPSS软件对2000、2005、2010和2015年石羊河流域不同生态系统类型的质量及各指数进行综合评价及变化分析.结果表明: 2000—2015年,石羊河流域生态系统质量均值为57.76,呈现显著下降趋势,年降幅为0.72,空间分布呈上游优于中游、中游优于下游的状态;生态系统生产能力、稳定性和承载力均值分别为67.52、45.37、58.53,生产能力和稳定性小幅上升,承载力逐渐下降.就各生态系统类型来看,森林生态系统质量最高,年均值为78.12,年降幅最小,为0.28;其次是草地、农田和城镇生态系统,年均值分别为62.45、58.76、50.29;湿地生态系统质量最低,年降幅最大,达0.98.

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Accession: 065246145

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PMID: 29749204

DOI: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.201701.019


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