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In vivo activity of fluconazole/tetracycline combinations in Galleria mellonella with resistant Candida albicans infection

In vivo activity of fluconazole/tetracycline combinations in Galleria mellonella with resistant Candida albicans infection

Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 13: 74-80

Treatment of azole-resistant Candida albicans infections continues to pose significant challenges. With limited options of licensed agents, drug combinations may be a practical treatment alternative. In our previous studies, the combinations minocycline/fluconazole (MINO/FLC) and doxycycline/fluconazole (DOXY/FLC) shown synergistic effects in vitro. It is necessary to explore their appropriate dosage, potential toxicity and in vivo efficacy. The Galleria mellonella infection model was employed to study the in vivo efficacy of MINO/FLC and DOXY/FLC by survival analysis, quantification of C. albicans fungal burden and histological studies. The survival rates of G. mellonella larvae infected with lethal doses of resistant C. albicans CA10 increased significantly when treated with the drug combinations compared with FLC treatment alone, and the fungal burden was reduced by almost four-fold. The histopathological study showed that fewer infected areas in larvae were observed and the destructive degree was less when larvae were exposed to the drug combinations. These findings suggest that combination of a tetracycline antibiotic (MINO or DOXY) with FLC has antifungal activity against azole-resistant C. albicans in vivo. This is in agreement with several previous in vitro studies and provides preliminary in vivo evidence that such a combination might be useful therapeutically.

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Accession: 065258671

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PMID: 29191612

DOI: 10.1016/j.jgar.2017.11.011

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