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Kinetic time courses of lambda-cyhalothrin metabolites after dermal application of Matador EC 120 in volunteers



Kinetic time courses of lambda-cyhalothrin metabolites after dermal application of Matador EC 120 in volunteers



Toxicology Letters 296: 132-138



A controlled kinetic study was conducted in volunteers dermally exposed to the widely used lambda-cyhalothrin pyrethroid pesticide to document the time courses of relevant biomarkers of exposure, in order to better assess biomonitoring data in workers. Matador® EC120 formulation (120 g/l) was applied on 40 cm2 of the forearm at a 0.25 mg/kg dose of lambda-cyhalothrin and left without occlusion or washing for 6 h. The application site was then washed thoroughly with soap and water. The kinetic time courses of cis-3-(2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoroprop-1-en-1-yl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid (CFMP) and 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) metabolites were determined in plasma and urine up to 84 h post-application. Results show that the fraction of lambda-cyhalothrin absorbed in the body was rapidly cleared following dermal contact. According to CFMP and 3-PBA plasma profiles, calculated mean apparent absorption half-lives (t1/2) were 3 and 7.3 h, respectively, and corresponding mean apparent elimination t1/2 were 11.2 and 7.6 h. These differences suggest some metabolism at the site-of-entry and storage of metabolites by the dermal route. Toxicokinetic parameters calculated from urinary profiles confirm the values of absorption and elimination rates. Metabolites were almost completely excreted over the 84-h period post-application and, on average, 0.12 and 0.08% of the applied lambda-cyhalothrin dose was recovered in the urine as CFMP and 3-PBA, respectively, indicating a low dermal absorption fraction of this pyrethroid. This study showed the potential use of CFMP and 3-PBA biomarkers for the assessment of dermal exposure to lambda-cyhalothrin pyrethroid.

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Accession: 065269794

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PMID: 30120931

DOI: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2018.08.008


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