Section 66
Chapter 65,273

Lactobacillus crispatus accelerates re-epithelialization in vaginal epithelial cell line MS74

Takada, K.; Komine-Aizawa, S.; Kuramochi, T.; Ito, S.; Trinh, Q.D.; Pham, N.T.K.; Sasano, M.; Hayakawa, S.

American Journal of Reproductive Immunology 80(3): E13027


ISSN/ISBN: 1600-0897
PMID: 30144195
DOI: 10.1111/aji.13027
Accession: 065272216

The functions of vaginal lactobacilli in susceptibility to infectious diseases as regards epithelial barrier integrity and wound healing remain incompletely understood. Lactobacillus crispatus, one of the most common Lactobacillus species in the vagina and among the most protective against sexually transmitted infections, was cocultured with an immortalized human vaginal epithelial cell line (MS74), and a scratch assay was performed to evaluate re-epithelialization. The concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF) was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). An immunofluorescence assay was performed to locate the expression of VEGF and VEGF receptor (VEGFR) 1 and 2. The effects of the bacterial supernatant of L. crispatus were also evaluated. Lactobacillus crispatus significantly accelerated re-epithelialization of MS74 cells, accompanied by an increase in VEGF concentration. In contrast, heat-killed L. crispatus did not show this effect. The bacterial supernatant of L. crispatus also induced re-epithelialization. The immunoreactivity of VEGF was higher at the scratched edge, whereas VEGFR1 and 2 stained site-independently. Recombinant VEGF induced cell migration in a dose-dependent manner. The bacterial supernatant of L. crispatus also significantly accelerated re-epithelialization in MS74 cells and increased the concentration of VEGF in the culture 24 hours after the scratch. These results may enhance our knowledge of the importance of L. crispatus in the healing of damaged vaginal epithelium and protection against the consequent risk of pathogenic infections, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and improve our understanding of vaginal epithelial barrier integrity maintenance by this bacterium.

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