Matricellular Protein Levels in Aqueous Humor and Surgical Outcomes of Trabeculectomy

Zhang, Z.; Miao, Y.; Wang, J.; Zhou, M.; Fu, M.; Wang, Y.

Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 59(10): 3906-3910


ISSN/ISBN: 1552-5783
PMID: 30073351
DOI: 10.1167/iovs.18-24534
Accession: 065302153

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The purpose of this study was to quantify levels of three matricellular proteins in the aqueous humor in patients with previous acute primary angle closure (APAC) and investigate their correlation with bleb morphology and surgical outcomes of trabeculectomy. In this prospective study, aqueous humor samples were collected from 40 previous APAC eyes. Concentrations of three matricellular proteins-secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), thrombospondin-2, and osteopontin-were measured using multiplexed immunoassays kits. Intraocular pressure was measured using Goldmann application tonometry. Bleb morphology was assessed using anterior segment optical coherence tomography, and bleb score was calculated according to bleb size and reflectivity. When previous APAC eyes were divided according to surgical outcome 18 months after trabeculectomy, SPARC protein was significantly higher in aqueous humor in the failure group (P = 0.009). When previous APAC eyes were divided according to SPARC level, eyes with low SPARC levels had significantly higher overall success rate compared with eyes with high SPARC levels (P = 0.005 for complete success and P = 0.018 for qualified success). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that eyes with higher levels of SPARC were more likely to have a failed filtration surgery than were eyes with lower levels of SPARC. For complete success, P = 0.006 and odds ratio (OR) = 6.458; for qualified success, P = 0.033 and OR = 2.608. The level of SPARC was found to have a positive correlation with bleb score (P < 0.001, R2 = 0.471). In previous APAC patients, the SPARC level in aqueous humor is a prognostic factor for surgical results of trabeculectomy. Modulation of SPARC expression may have potential clinical applications after filtration surgery.