+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Mental health of jail inmates within the prison of Ducos, Martinique - a cross-sectional descriptive study

Mental health of jail inmates within the prison of Ducos, Martinique - a cross-sectional descriptive study

Revue d'Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique 66(3): 201-207

Prisoners' sociocultural backgrounds and prison environments have an influence on detainees' psychopathology; complex judicial and public policies are also to be taken into account in the dynamics of that environment. Scientific literature shows a wide range prison inmates' profiles across the world. However, very little data about the mental health of Caribbean jail inmates has been published. Martinique is a French overseas administrative district in the Caribbean, with a population of about 400,000 inhabitants. Its only prison is located in the city of Ducos. Our study proposes a description of the psychiatric characteristics of jail inmates in Martinique with epidemiological tools. Its objectives are to highlight their specific features and compare them to mainland France's jail population. The initial study was a multicenter cross-sectional survey conducted in 18 French prisons. The selection was done using a two-stage stratified sampling strategy. For the purpose of our study, two groups were defined and compared: the detainees from the prison of Ducos (n=100) were compared to inmates from mainland France (n=698). Current psychiatric diagnoses were rigorously collected, through clinical and semi-structured interviews. We conducted a multiple logistic regression for each assessed mental disorder. Each prisoner gave us his oral and written informed consent. In terms of sociodemographic characteristics, we found more children per prisoner in the Martinican group and a better educational status in the mainland France group. The inmates from Martinique had significantly more adverse experiences in their childhood and the length of incarceration at the time of the interview was longer in the Martinique sample. Major depressive disorders (aOR=0.51; 95% CI=0.26-0.95) and psychotic disorders (aOR=0.24; 95% CI=0.08-0.57) were significantly less frequent in the Martinique sample. The data concerning substance-related disorders showed significant differences in bivariate analysis but this link was no longer statistically significant in the multiple logistic regression analysis. Even if imprisonment conditions are extremely tough, the inmates carry the heavy burden of difficult family histories, and the use of cannabis seems to be a major problem, it appears that Martinique's jail inmates have lower rates of mental illness than their counterparts from mainland France. We think this could be due to the benefit of greater proximity to their relatives and a united community, both which may contribute to lower prevalence of mental disorders.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 065309555

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29685697

DOI: 10.1016/j.respe.2018.03.134

Related references

Mental health of jail inmates within the prison of Ducos, Martinique a cross-sectional descriptive study. Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique 66(3): 201-207, 2018

Mental Health Among Jail and Prison Inmates. American Journal of Men's Health 11(4): 900-909, 2017

Assessment of mental distress among prison inmates in Ghana's correctional system: a cross-sectional study using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 9: 17, 2015

Assessment of periodontal health status among prison inmates: A cross-sectional survey. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology 18(1): 74-77, 2014

Drug use and mental health problems among prison inmates--results from a nation-wide prison population study. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 63(3): 237-245, 2009

Depression among inmates in a regional prison of eastern Nepal: a cross-sectional study. Bmc Psychiatry 17(1): 348, 2017

Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis among Prison Inmates in Ethiopia, a Cross-Sectional Study. Plos one 10(12): E0144040, 2015

Seropositivity of hepatitis C in prison inmates of Pakistan--a cross sectional study in prisons of Sindh. Jpma. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 60(6): 476-479, 2010

Lower prevalence of tuberculosis infection in BCG vaccinees: a cross-sectional study in adult prison inmates. Thorax 68(3): 263-268, 2013

Mental health among single mothers in Cyprus: a cross-sectional descriptive correlational study. Bmc Women's Health 19(1): 67, 2019

The Use of Restrictive Practices on Males Released from Prison and Entering Acute Mental Health Services: A Retrospective Cross-sectional Comparative Study. Issues in Mental Health Nursing 40(7): 626-631, 2019

Psychiatric Disorders in Drop out from Educational Attainment Attending Mental Health Facilities: A Descriptive Cross Sectional Study. Mymensingh Medical Journal 26(3): 551-557, 2017

Airplane pilot mental health and suicidal thoughts: a cross-sectional descriptive study via anonymous web-based survey. Environmental Health 15(1): 121, 2016

Hepatitis B prevalence, risk factors, infection awareness and disease knowledge among inmates: a cross-sectional study in Switzerland's largest pre-trial prison. Journal of Global Health 8(2): 020407, 2018

HIV/AIDS Education Needs Assessment: A Comparative Study of Jail and Prison Inmates in Northwest Florida. Prison Journal 78(2): 119-132, 1998