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Micro-anatomical structure of the first spine of the dorsal fin of Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Osteichthyes: Scombridae)

Micro-anatomical structure of the first spine of the dorsal fin of Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Osteichthyes: Scombridae)

Annals of Anatomy 219: 1-7

The first spine of the first dorsal fin (FS) of the Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT), Thunnus thynnus, is customarily used in age determination research because its transverse sections display well-defined growth marks. In this paper the FS structure was studied to explain its known dramatic age- and season-related morphological modifications, which are evidently caused by bone remodeling. Cross sections of samples from six adult ABFT were in part decalcified to be stained with histological, histochemical and immunohistochemical methods, and in part embedded in methyl-methacrylate to be either observed under a linear polarized light or microradiographed. FS showed an external compact bone zone and an inner trabecular bone zone. The compact bone zone consisted of an outer non-osteonic primary bone layer (C1) and an inner osteonic bone layer (C2). C1 was in turn characterized by alternate translucent and opaque bands. Evidence of spine bone remodeling was shown by the presence of osteoclasts and osteoblasts as well as by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) positive bands at the boundary between old and newly formed bone. The examination of plain, i.e. not-fixed and not-decalcified, FS from 28 ABFT showed that the average thickness of C1 remained fairly constant during fish growth, whereas C2 increased significantly, indicating that the periosteal primary bone apposition is counterbalanced by the parallel bone remodeling occurring inside the compact bone zone. The present study revealed the structure of the ABFT FS and the pattern of its bone remodeling. Both of them underlay phenomena, never examined in detail before, such as the appearance followed by the progressive disappearance of growth bands.

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Accession: 065314962

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PMID: 29730467

DOI: 10.1016/j.aanat.2018.03.009

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