+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Naturalistic language sampling to characterize the language abilities of 3-year-olds with autism spectrum disorder

Naturalistic language sampling to characterize the language abilities of 3-year-olds with autism spectrum disorder

Autism 23(3): 699-712

Characterization of language in naturalistic settings in autism spectrum disorder has been lacking, particularly at young ages, but such information is important for parents, teachers, and clinicians to better support language development in real-world settings. Factors contributing to this lack of clarity include conflicting definitions of language abilities, use of non-naturalistic standardized assessments, and restricted samples. The current study examined one of the largest datasets of naturalistic language samples in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder, and language delay and typically developing contrast groups at age 3. A range of indices including length of phrase, grammatical markings, and social use of language was assayed during a naturalistic observation of a parent-child play session. In contrast to historical estimates, results indicated only 3.7% of children with autism spectrum disorder used no words, and 34% were minimally verbal. Children with autism spectrum disorder and language delay exhibited similar usage of grammatical markings, although both were reduced compared to typically developing children. The greatest difference between autism spectrum disorder and language delay groups was the quantity of social language. Overall, findings highlight a range of language deficits in autism spectrum disorder, but also illustrate that the most severe level of impairments is not as common in naturalistic settings as previously estimated by standardized assessments.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 065344335

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29754501

DOI: 10.1177/1362361318766241

Related references

Imitation and language abilities in adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder without language delay. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 15(5): 282-291, 2006

Thinking Ahead: Incremental Language Processing is Associated with Receptive Language Abilities in Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 49(3): 1011-1023, 2019

Predicting language ability in 5-year-olds with autism spectrum disorder: Some promising evidence1. Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention 1(4): 199-200, 2007

Comparison of Language Features, Autism Spectrum Symptoms in Children Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Developmental Language Delay, and Healthy Controls. Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi 55(3): 205-210, 2018

Using the preschool language scale, fourth edition to characterize language in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 20(3): 200-208, 2011

Using Spoken Language Benchmarks to Characterize the Expressive Language Skills of Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 24(4): 696-707, 2015

Language and reading abilities of children with autism spectrum disorders and specific language impairment and their first-degree relatives. Autism Research 2(1): 22-38, 2009

The value of diffusion tensor imaging for differentiating autism spectrum disorder with language delay from developmental language disorder among toddlers. Medicine 98(14): E15058, 2019

Executive Function Skills in School-Age Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Association With Language Abilities. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research 61(11): 2641-2658, 2018

The developing language abilities and increased risks of unaffected siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychiatry 3(5): 513-524, 2013

Autistic symptomatology and language ability in autism spectrum disorder and specific language impairment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 49(11): 1184-1192, 2008

Auditory perception is associated with implicit language learning and receptive language ability in autism spectrum disorder. Brain and Language 187: 1-8, 2018

Grammatical Language Impairment in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Exploring Language Phenotypes Beyond Standardized Testing. Frontiers in Psychology 8: 532, 2017

Is there a common neuroanatomical substrate of language deficit between autism spectrum disorder and specific language impairment?. Cerebral Cortex 22(10): 2263-2271, 2012

Internal State Language in the Storybook Narratives of Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder: Investigating Relations to Theory of Mind Abilities. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 8(5): 589-596, 2014