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Outcomes of surgical treatment in 115 patients with primary cardiac tumours: a 15-year experience at a single institution

Outcomes of surgical treatment in 115 patients with primary cardiac tumours: a 15-year experience at a single institution

Journal of Thoracic Disease 9(9): 2935-2941

Primary cardiac tumours are rare, and few studies have examined large samples. The aim of this study was to review a single institution's 15 years of experience with primary cardiac tumours. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 119 consecutive patients admitted to the Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from April 2002 to January 2017. Five patients declined surgery due to illness or for financial reasons, and one patient underwent a second operation due to tumour recurrence 10 years after the first operation. In total, 115 patients underwent surgery. The surgeons used median sternotomy and a right atrial approach to complete the gross total resection. The patients were separated into three groups according to their tumour pathology (myxomas, other benign tumours, or malignant tumours). A total of 84 patients were followed up for an average of 34.8±31.2 months (range 2-141 months). The sites of the cardiac tumours included the left atrium (n=93, 80.1%), right atrium (n=14, 14.0%), left ventricle (n=2, 1.7%), valves (n=7, 6.0%), and other sites (n=1, 0.8%). According to the postoperative pathology, 99 (86.0%) tumours were classified as myxomas, 8 (7.0%) were other types of benign tumours, and 8 (7.0%) were malignant tumours. Patients with malignant tumours had a longer surgical time (P=0.035) and postoperative hospitalization time (P=0.009). Patients with myxoma tumours exhibited better 5-year survival than patients with malignant tumours (95.7% vs. 57.1%, P<0.001). In the Chinese population, the incidence of primary cardiac tumours is mainly attributable to myxomas. Gross total resection is a safe and effective treatment for both benign and malignant tumours. Long-term survival is satisfactory for benign tumours but low for malignant tumours, and a risk of recurrence exists. Postoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy may be needed to achieve better outcomes.

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Accession: 065381501

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29221265

DOI: 10.21037/jtd.2017.08.04

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