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Prognostic factors including lymphovascular invasion on survival for resected non-small cell lung cancer



Prognostic factors including lymphovascular invasion on survival for resected non-small cell lung cancer



Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 156(2): 785-793



The aim of this study was to report on the influence of tumor lymphovascular invasion on overall survival and in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer and identify prognostic factors for survival. This is a retrospective observational study of a consecutive series of patients who had surgical resection of non-small cell lung cancer in a single institution. The study covers a 3-year period. Overall survival was estimated by Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship of lymphovascular invasion and other clinicopathologic variables. A multivariate regression was used to assess the relationship between tumor lymphovascular invasion and other clinical and pathologic characteristics. A total of 524 patients were identified and included in the study. Two hundred twenty-five patients (43%) had tumors with lymphovascular invasion. Patients with tumor lymphovascular invasion had a lower overall survival (P < .0001). Tumor lymphovascular invasion was independently associated with visceral pleural involvement (P < .0001). In a multivariable model, lymphovascular invasion (hazard ratio [HR], 2.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.63-4.09; P < .0001), parietal pleural invasion (HR, 45.4; 95% CI, 2.08-990; P = .015), advanced age (HR, 1.028; 95% CI, 1.009-1.048; P = .004), and N2 lymph node involvement (HR, 1.837; 95% CI, 1.257-2.690; P = .002) were independent prognostic factors for lower overall survival. Lymphovascular invasion is associated with a worse overall survival in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer regardless of tumor stage. Parietal pleural involvement, N2 nodal disease, and advanced age independently predict poor overall survival.

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Accession: 065438108

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PMID: 29754785

DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.02.108


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