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Rapid profiling and quantification of phospholipid molecular species in human plasma based on chemical derivatization coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry



Rapid profiling and quantification of phospholipid molecular species in human plasma based on chemical derivatization coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry



Analytica Chimica Acta 1024: 101-111



In this study, we developed a novel strategy using solid-phase extraction (SPE) coupled with shotgun mass spectrometry (MS) based on trimethylsilyldiazomethane (TMSCHN2) stable-isotope derivatization for rapid profiling and accurate quantification of phospholipids (PLs) in human plasma. HybridSPE-Phospholipid (HybridSPE-PL, zirconia coated silica stationary phase) was used for sample pretreatment via the Lewis acid-base interaction between zirconia and phosphate moiety of PLs. This step allows rapid enrichment and recovery of PLs from human plasma. Afterward, PLs were derivatized with TMSCHN2, which leads to methylation of hydroxyl and amino groups in PLs and allows highly sensitive PL analysis by shotgun MS in positive ionization mode (limit of detection decreased up to 116.67 fold compared to underived PLs). We developed an accuracy quantification method for determination of PL molecular species in biological samples. Two or more PL standards were selected for each PL class and derivatized with TMSCHN2 without stable-isotope coding. They were then used as the internal standards. PLs in biological samples were isotopic derivatized via acid-catalyzed H/D exchange and methanolysis of TMSCHN2. For accurate quantification, a calibration curve for each class of PLs was typically constructed by using the internal standards to normalize the non-uniformity response caused by the differential fragmentation kinetics resulting from the distinct chemical constitution of individual PL species in the biological samples. This newly developed method was used to comprehensively analyze PL molecular species in human plasma samples. It is a promising methodology for rapid profiling and accurate quantification of complex lipid molecules in biological samples.

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Accession: 065458901

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29776536

DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2018.04.012


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