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Risk Factors for Complications of Total/Subtotal Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer: Prospectively Collected, Based on the Clavien-Dindo Classification System



Risk Factors for Complications of Total/Subtotal Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer: Prospectively Collected, Based on the Clavien-Dindo Classification System



Israel Medical Association Journal 20(5): 277-280



Label="BACKGROUND">Recent studies have analyzed risk factors associated with complications after gastric cancer surgery using the Clavien-Dindo classification (CD). However, they have been based on Asian population cohorts (Chinese, Japanese, Korean).Label="OBJECTIVES">To prospectively analyze all post-gastrectomy complications according to severity using CD classification and identify postoperative risk factors and complications.Label="METHODS">We analyzed all gastrectomies for gastric cancer performed 2009-2014. Recorded parameters included demographic data, existing co-morbidities, neo-adjuvant treatment, intra-operative findings, postoperative course, and histologic findings. Postoperative complications were graded using CD classification.Label="RESULTS">The study comprised 112 patients who underwent gastrectomy. Mean age was 64.8 ± 12.8 years; 53 patients (47%) underwent gastrectomy, 37 (34%) total gastrectomy, and 22 (19%) total extended gastrectomy. All patients had D2 lymphadenectomy. The average number of retrieved lymph nodes was 35 ± 17. Severe complication rate (≥ IIIa) was 14% and mortality rate was 1.8%. In a univariate analysis, age > 65 years; ASA 3 or higher; chronic renal failure; multi-organ resection; and tumor, node, and metastases (TNM) stage ≥ IIIc were found to be significantly associated with CD complication grade > III (P = 0.01, P = 0.05, P = 0.04, P = 0.04, and P = 0.01, respectively). Multivariate regression analysis revealed advanced stage (≥ IIIc) and age > 65 years to be significant independent risk factors (P < 0.05).Label="CONCLUSIONS">Age > 65 and advanced stage (≥ IIIc) were the primary risk factors for complications of grade > III according to the CD classification following gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

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Accession: 065485930

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PMID: 29761671


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