+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Simulated patient and role play methodologies for communication skills training in an undergraduate medical program: Randomized, crossover trial



Simulated patient and role play methodologies for communication skills training in an undergraduate medical program: Randomized, crossover trial



Education for Health 31(1): 10-16



Educators utilize real patients, simulated patients (SP), and student role play (RP) in communication skills training (CST) in medical curricula. The chosen modality may depend more on resource availability than educational stage and student needs. In this study, we set out to determine whether an inexpensive volunteer SP program offered an educational advantage compared to RP for CST in preclinical medical students. Students and volunteer SPs participated in interactions across two courses. Students allocated to SP interactions in one course participated in RP in the other course and vice versa. Audio recordings of interactions were made, and these were rated against criterion descriptors in a modified Calgary-Cambridge Referenced Observation Guide. Independent t-test scores comparing ratings of RP and SP groups revealed no significant differences between methodologies. This study demonstrates that volunteer SPs are not superior to RP, when used in CST targeted at preclinical students. This finding is consistent with existing literature, yet we suggest that it is imperative to consider the broader purpose of CST and the needs of stakeholders. Consequently, it may be beneficial to use mixed methods of CST in medical programs.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 065514497

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30117467


Related references

The effect of using standardized patients or peer role play on ratings of undergraduate communication training: a randomized controlled trial. Patient Education and Counseling 87(3): 300-306, 2012

Effect of communication skills training program for oncologists based on patient preferences for communication when receiving bad news: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 32(20): 2166-2172, 2014

Enhancing medical students' communication skills: development and evaluation of an undergraduate training program. Bmc Medical Education 12(): 16-16, 2012

The use of simulated patients and role-play in communication skills training: a review of the literature to August 2005. Patient Education and Counseling 67(1-2): 13-20, 2007

Comparison of communication skills in medical residents with and without undergraduate communication skills training as provided by the Faculty of Medicine of Gadjah Mada University. Education for Health 19(3): 308-320, 2006

Communication about uncertainty and hope: A randomized controlled trial assessing the efficacy of a communication skills training program for physicians caring for cancer patients. Bmc Cancer 17(1): 476-476, 2017

Training auscultatory skills: computer simulated heart sounds or additional bedside training? A randomized trial on third-year medical students. Bmc Medical Education 10: 3, 2010

Evaluation of a communication skills training course for medical students using peer role-play. Jpma. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 67(5): 745-751, 2017

A Web-Based Telehealth Training Platform Incorporating Automated Nonverbal Behavior Feedback for Teaching Communication Skills to Medical Students: A Randomized Crossover Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research 18(9): E246-E246, 2016

Is it possible to improve radiotherapy team members' communication skills? A randomized study assessing the efficacy of a 38-h communication skills training program. RadioTherapy and Oncology 109(1): 170-177, 2014

Specific training program improves oncologists' palliative care communication skills in a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 29(25): 3402-3407, 2011

Effect of clinician communication skills training on patient satisfaction: A randomized, controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine 131(11): 822-829, Dec 7, 1999

The effect of training in communication skills on medical doctors' and nurses' self-efficacy. A randomized controlled trial. Patient Education and Counseling 66(3): 270-277, 2007

Communication training for advanced medical students improves information recall of medical laypersons in simulated informed consent talks--a randomized controlled trial. Bmc Medical Education 13: 15, 2013

Does hearing the patient perspective improve consultation skills in examinations? An exploratory randomized controlled trial in medical undergraduate education. Medical Teacher 38(12): 1229-1235, 2016