+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Stress reactivity links childhood trauma exposure to an admixture of depressive, anxiety, and psychosis symptoms

Stress reactivity links childhood trauma exposure to an admixture of depressive, anxiety, and psychosis symptoms

Psychiatry Research 260: 451-457

Childhood trauma exposure has been associated with a clinically relevant mixed phenotype of psychopathology composed of depressive, anxiety, and psychosis symptoms, across healthy and clinical samples. Altered stress-reactivity after exposure to childhood trauma may be a plausible underlying mechanism explaining this association. In a general population sample of female twins (T0 = 564; T1 = 483), associations between childhood trauma exposure and symptom profile (no symptoms, isolated symptoms, or a mixed phenotype) on the one hand, and daily life stress reactivity on the other were investigated. Daily life stress reactivity was measured using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM), and was defined as negative affect reactivity to minor daily life stressors. Individuals exposed to childhood trauma who reported a mixed phenotype of psychopathology showed a significant increase in emotional reactivity to daily life stress (activity and social stress), compared with trauma-exposed individuals without a mixed phenotype. In the trauma-exposed mixed phenotype group, increased emotional reactivity to event-stress predicted more severe symptoms at ± 14 month follow-up. This study found evidence that may link heightened emotional reactivity to stress in individuals with a trauma history to the risk for later comorbid psychopathology.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 065536690

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29272730

DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.12.012

Related references

Childhood trauma is associated with a specific admixture of affective, anxiety, and psychosis symptoms cutting across traditional diagnostic boundaries. Psychological Medicine 45(6): 1277-1288, 2015

The functional and clinical relevance of childhood trauma-related admixture of affective, anxious and psychosis symptoms. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 133(2): 91-101, 2016

A 6-month follow-up study of posttraumatic stress and anxiety/depressive symptoms in Korean children after direct or indirect exposure to a single incident of trauma. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 70(8): 1148-1154, 2009

The unique and interactive effects of anxiety sensitivity and emotion dysregulation in relation to posttraumatic stress, depressive, and anxiety symptoms among trauma-exposed firefighters. Comprehensive Psychiatry 84: 54-61, 2018

Childhood trauma and sensitivity to reward and punishment: Implications for depressive and anxiety symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences 119: 134-140, 2017

Blunted Physiological Stress Reactivity among Youth with a History of Bullying and Victimization: Links to Depressive Symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 47(12): 1981-1993, 2019

Interaction between FKBP5 gene and childhood trauma on psychosis, depression and anxiety symptoms in a non-clinical sample. Psychoneuroendocrinology 85: 200-209, 2017

Mild Depressive Symptoms Mediate the Impact of Childhood Trauma on Long-Term Functional Outcome in Early Psychosis Patients. Schizophrenia Bulletin 43(5): 1027-1035, 2017

Adiposity moderates links from early adversity and depressive symptoms to inflammatory reactivity to acute stress during late adolescence. Brain Behavior and Immunity 66: 146-155, 2017

Childhood trauma, psychosis liability and social stress reactivity: a virtual reality study. Psychological Medicine 46(16): 3339-3348, 2016

Middle Childhood Support-Seeking Behavior During Stress: Links With Self-Reported Attachment and Future Depressive Symptoms. Child Development 87(1): 326-340, 2016

Posttraumatic stress symptoms and dissociation between childhood trauma and two different types of psychosis-like experience. Child Abuse and Neglect 72: 404-410, 2017

Acute posttraumatic stress symptoms but not generalized anxiety symptoms are associated with severity of exposure to war trauma: A study of civilians under fire. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 35: 27-34, 2015

Substance use after residential treatment among individuals with co-occurring disorders: the role of anxiety/depressive symptoms and trauma exposure. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 23(2): 303-314, 2009

Early life trauma predicts self-reported levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms in nonclinical community adults: relative contributions of early life stressor types and adult trauma exposure. Journal of Psychiatric Research 47(1): 23-32, 2013