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Stroke and antiphospholipid syndrome-antiphospholipid antibodies are a risk factor for an ischemic cerebrovascular event

Stroke and antiphospholipid syndrome-antiphospholipid antibodies are a risk factor for an ischemic cerebrovascular event

Clinical Rheumatology 38(2): 379-384

Testing for antiphospholipid antibodies could be an important part in determining the cause of a cerebrovascular event (CVE). Currently, it is also unknown whether antiphospholipid antibodies represent a risk factor for the development of a CVE and whether the selected therapy options are efficacious. So, this study aimed at (1) determining the frequency of patients experiencing a CVE and fulfilling the laboratory criterion for an antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), (2) investigating whether the persistent presence of antiphospholipid antibodies represented a risk factor for a CVE, and (3) focusing on the efficacy of the selected treatment strategy in the first year after the CVE. Eighty-nine patients with an acute CVE were prospectively followed for 1 year. At least two sera from each were tested for lupus anticoagulants, anticardiolipin, anti-β2-glycoprotein I, anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin and anti-annexin V antibodies. Twenty out of eighty-nine (22%) of CVE patients fulfilled the criteria for APS (17/20 for definitive and 3 for probable APS). There was a significant association between persistently present antiphospholipid antibodies and the CVE (OR, 4.62). No statistically significant difference was found in the CVE recurrence rate between APS-CVE and non-APS-CVE patients being treated mainly with acetyl salicylic acid. Antiphospholipid antibodies represent an independent risk factor for a CVE. In the first year after the CVE, antiplatelet therapy seemed to be sufficient in secondary CVE thromboprophylaxis in most APS patients.

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Accession: 065536937

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PMID: 30088114

DOI: 10.1007/s10067-018-4247-3

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