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Surveillance with sentinel mice in key water areas of schistosomiasis endemic regions in Yunnan Province, 2015


Surveillance with sentinel mice in key water areas of schistosomiasis endemic regions in Yunnan Province, 2015



Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 29(2): 209-211



ISSN/ISBN: 1005-6661

PMID: 29469328

[摘要]目的 在云南省部分血吸虫病流行区开展重点水域哨鼠监测, 以提升血吸虫病监测系统的敏感性、完善监测预 警机制。方法 选择3个疫情较重县 (市) 的6个自然村作为监测点, 开展重点水域哨鼠预警监测。对回收饲养后成活的 哨鼠进行解剖观察, 检测血清抗体水平, 并观察监测点人畜疫水接触情况。此外, 收集近3年来监测点疫情资料并进行 分析。结果 共投放哨鼠282只, 回收256只, 死亡8只, 总回收率90.78%, 总死亡率3.13%。有虫卵肉芽肿结节的哨鼠 数、检获成虫数、虫荷数, 以及血清抗体阳性率均为0。接触疫水人员主要为村民和学生, 接触方式主要为收种作物和戏 水。近3年来, 监测点钉螺面积、人群感染率和耕牛感染率均呈下降趋势。结论 云南省3个监测县 (市) 均未发现血吸 虫感染阳性哨鼠, 人畜感染血吸虫的风险较低。但加强重点水域的哨鼠预警监测, 继续落实以传染源控制为主的综合防 治措施, 仍应是今后血防工作的重点。.

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