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The effect of light and temperature on the dynamic state of Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers proteins determined from changes in tryptophan fluorescence lifetime and P + Q A - recombination kinetics



The effect of light and temperature on the dynamic state of Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction centers proteins determined from changes in tryptophan fluorescence lifetime and P + Q A - recombination kinetics



Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B Biology 180: 140-148



The temperature dependencies of the rate of dark recombination of separated charges between the photoactive bacteriochlorophyll and the primary quinone acceptor (QA) in photosynthetic reaction centers (RCs) of the purple bacteria Rhodobacter sphaeroides (Rb. sphaeroides) were investigated. Measurements were performed in water-glycerol and trehalose environments after freezing to -180 °C in the dark and under actinic light with subsequent heating. Simultaneously, the RC tryptophanyl fluorescence lifetime in the spectral range between 323 and 348 nm was measured under these conditions. A correlation was found between the temperature dependencies of the functional and dynamic parameters of RCs in different solvent mixtures. For the first time, differences in the average fluorescence lifetime of tryptophanyl residues were measured between RCs frozen in the dark and in the actinic light. The obtained results can be explained by the RC transitions between different conformational states and the dynamic processes in the structure of the hydrogen bonds of RCs. We assumed that RCs exist in two main microconformations - "fast" and "slow", which are characterized by different rates of P+ and QA- recombination reactions. The "fast" conformation is induced in frozen RCs in the dark, while the "slow" conformation of RC occurs when the RC preparation is frozen under actinic light. An explanation of the temperature dependencies of tryptophan fluorescence lifetimes in RC proteins was made under the assumption that temperature changes affect mainly the electron transfer from the indole ring of the tryptophan molecule to the nearest amide or carboxyl groups.

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Accession: 065579058

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PMID: 29413697

DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2018.01.027


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