+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Toxicity of Selected Acaricides to Honey Bees (Apis mellifera) and Varroa (Varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman) and Their Use in Controlling Varroa within Honey Bee Colonies

Toxicity of Selected Acaricides to Honey Bees (Apis mellifera) and Varroa (Varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman) and Their Use in Controlling Varroa within Honey Bee Colonies

Insects 9(2)

The efficacies of various acaricides in order to control a parasitic mite, the Varroa mite, Varroa destructor, of honey bees, were measured in two different settings, namely, in laboratory caged honey bees and in queen-right honey bee colonies. The Varroa infestation levels before, during, and after the acaricide treatments were determined in two ways, namely: (1) using the sugar shake protocol to count mites on bees and (2) directly counting the dead mites on the hive bottom inserts. The acaricides that were evaluated were coumaphos, tau-fluvalinate, amitraz, thymol, and natural plant compounds (hop acids), which were the active ingredients. The acaricide efficacies in the colonies were evaluated in conjunction with the final coumaphos applications. All of the tested acaricides significantly increased the overall Varroa mortality in the laboratory experiment. Their highest efficiencies were recorded at 6 h post-treatment, except for coumaphos and thymol, which exhibited longer and more consistent activity. In the honey bee colonies, a higher Varroa mortality was recorded in all of the treatments, compared with the natural Varroa mortality during the pretreatment period. The acaricide toxicity to the Varroa mites was consistent in both the caged adult honey bees and workers in the queen-right colonies, although, two of these acaricides, coumaphos at the highest doses and hop acids, were comparatively more toxic to the worker bees.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 065631072

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29748510

DOI: 10.3390/insects9020055

Related references

Effective control of varroa mite Varroa destructor Anderson & Trueman infesting honey bee colonies Apis mellifera L. by some natural products. Bulletin of Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University 56(2): 295-308, 2005

Integrated pest management for the parasitic mite Varroa destructor (Anderson and Trueman) in colonies of honey bees (Apis mellifera). American Bee Journal 144(10): 791-795, 2004

Changes in the reproductive ability of the mite Varroa destructor (Anderson e Trueman) in Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) (Hymenoptera : Apidae) colonies in southern Brazil. Neotropical Entomology 36(6): 949-952, 2007

The occurrence of Varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman, 2000 on honey bees (Apis mellifera) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 31(3): 189-191, 2007

A mathematical model of varroa mite (Varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman) and honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) population dynamics. International Journal of Acarology 30(3): 259-274, 2004

Effects of queen ages on Varroa (Varroa destructor) infestation level in honey bee (Apis mellifera caucasica) colonies and colony performance. Italian Journal of Animal Science 6(2): 143-149, 2007

Variable induction of vitellogenin genes in the varroa mite, Varroa destructor (Anderson & Trueman), by the honeybee, Apis mellifera L, host and its environment. Insect Molecular Biology 22(1): 88-103, 2013

Utilization of essential oils and chemical substance against Varroa mite, Varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman on two stocks of Apis mellifera lamerkii in Egypt. Acarines: 3-8, 2008

Cape honeybee (Apis mellifera capensis Eshscholtz) and varroa mite (Varroa destructor Anderson & Trueman) threats to honeybees and beekeeping in Africa. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 24(1): 87-94, 2004

Impact of the Phoretic Phase on Reproduction and Damage Caused by Varroa destructor (Anderson and Trueman) to Its Host, the European Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.). Plos One 11(4): E0153482, 2016

Gene expression in honey bee (Apis mellifera) larvae exposed to pesticides and Varroa mites (Varroa destructor). Journal of Insect Physiology 58(8): 1042-1049, 2012

Influence of Varroa Mite (Varroa destructor) Management Practices on Insecticide Sensitivity in the Honey Bee (Apis mellifera). Insects 8(1), 2017

Homeopathic products against Varroa destructor Anderson Trueman Impiego di prodotti omeopatici nella lotta contro Varroa destructor Anderson Trueman. Atti del Congresso Nazionale Italiano di Entomologia, 192: 1319-1324, 2004

Effect of organic compounds and synthetic pyrethroid against Honeybee mite Varroa destructor, Anderson and Trueman in Apis mellifera, L colonies in Kashmir Valley. 2013

Immune related gene expression in worker honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica) pupae exposed to neonicotinoid thiamethoxam and Varroa mites (Varroa destructor). Plos One 12(10): E0187079, 2017