Trend and Factors Associated with Condom use Among Male Clients of Female Sex Workers in Hong Kong: Findings of 13 Serial Behavioural Surveillance Surveys
Li, J.; Lau, J.T.F.; Ma, Y.L.; Lau, M.M.C.
Aids and Behavior 22(7): 2235-2247
This study investigated the trend and associated factors of condom use among male clients of female sex workers (CFSW) in Hong Kong. A total of 25,443 males of the general population were screened to identify 2,330 CFSW via 13 rounds of population-based serial cross-sectional telephone surveys during 1998 through 2015. Over time, there were no significant changes in condom use with various types of female sex partners (p ranged 0. 219-0.837) and prevalence of self-reported STI (p = 0.975) in the past 6 months. Decrease in the prevalence of non-regular sex partners (p < 0.001) and increase in perceived efficacy of condom use for HIV prevention (p = 0.028) were observed. Perceived efficacy of condom use for HIV prevention and self-reported STI experience were significantly associated with condom use with various types of female sex partners in the past 6 months. No evident improvement for condom use was found. Tailored intervention programs are warranted.