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Unprecedented Synergistic Effects of Nanoscale Nutrients on Growth, Productivity of Sweet Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], and Nutrient Biofortification



Unprecedented Synergistic Effects of Nanoscale Nutrients on Growth, Productivity of Sweet Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], and Nutrient Biofortification



Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 66(5): 1075-1084



Evidence-based synergistic effects of nanoscale materials (size of <100 nm in at least one dimension) were scantly documented in agriculture at field scale. Herein, we report for the first time on effects of nanoscale zinc oxide (n-ZnO), calcium oxide (n-CaO), and magnesium oxide (n-MgO) on growth and productivity of sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. A modified sol-gel method was used to prepare nanoscale materials under study. Characterization was performed using transmission and scanning electron microscopies, X-ray diffraction, and dynamic light scattering. Average sizes (25, 53.7, and 53.5 nm) and ζ potentials (-10.9, -28.2, and -16.2 mV) of n-ZnO, n-CaO, and n-MgO were measured, respectively. The significant grain yield (17.8 and 14.2%), cane yield (7.2 and 8.0%), juice yield (10 and 12%), and higher sucrose yield (21.8 and 20.9%) were recorded with the application of nanoscale materials in the years 2014 and 2015, respectively. Nutrient uptake was significant with foliar application of nanoscale nutrients.

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Accession: 065652393

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PMID: 29338217

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b04467


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