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Verbal and visual cognition: Individual differences in the lab, in the brain, and in the classroom

Verbal and visual cognition: Individual differences in the lab, in the brain, and in the classroom

Developmental Neuropsychology 42(7-8): 507-520

In many ways, individuals vary in their thought processes, and in their cognitive strengths and weaknesses. Among the findings revealed by individual differences research, one major dividing line highlighted recurrently by decades of experimental studies is that between linguistically-mediated cognitive operations (verbal cognition), versus cognition, which primarily operates on visual - or visuospatial - representations (visual cognition). In this article, we review findings from three research areas-cognitive abilities, working memory, and task strategies-focusing on individual differences in verbal and visual cognition. In each area we highlight behavioral, neuroimaging, and classroom-based findings, bridging the perspectives of these different methodologies.

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Accession: 065666606

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PMID: 29505308

DOI: 10.1080/87565641.2017.1401075

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