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Anti-adhesion of probiotic Enterococcus faecium WEFA23 against five pathogens and the beneficial effect of its S-layer proteins against Listeria monocytogenes

Anti-adhesion of probiotic Enterococcus faecium WEFA23 against five pathogens and the beneficial effect of its S-layer proteins against Listeria monocytogenes

Canadian Journal of Microbiology 65(3): 175-184

Enterococcus faecium WEFA23 is a potential probiotic strain isolated from Chinese infant feces. In this study, the antagonistic activity of E. faecium WEFA23 on adhesion to pathogens was investigated. Enterococcus faecium WEFA23 was able to compete, exclude, and displace the adhesion of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 13311, Listeria monocytogenes CMCC54007, Staphylococcus aureus CMCC26003, and Shigella sonnei ATCC 25931 to Caco-2 cells. Among them, L. monocytogenes achieved the strongest inhibition rate in both competition and displacement assays. Those anti-adhesion capacities were related to the bacterial physicochemical properties (hydrophobicity, auto-aggregation, and co-aggregation) of the bacterial surface. For L. monocytogenes, the anti-adhesion capacity was affected by the heat treatment, cell density, and growth phase of E. faecium WEFA23; 108 colony-forming units of viable cells per millilitre at the stationary phase exhibited the strongest anti-adhesion activity. In addition, removal of S-layer proteins of E. faecium WEFA23 by treatment with 5 mol/L LiCl significantly decreased its adhesion capacity, and those S-layer proteins were able to compete, displace, and exclude L. monocytogenes at different levels. Both cells and S-layer proteins of E. faecium WEFA23 significantly reduced the apoptosis of Caco-2 cells induced by L. monocytogenes, which was mediated by caspase-3 activation. This study might be helpful in understanding the anti-adhesion mechanism of probiotics against pathogens.

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Accession: 065693576

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PMID: 30395485

DOI: 10.1139/cjm-2018-0031

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