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Assessment of Novel Peguero-Lo Presti Electrocardiographic Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Criteria in a Large Asian Population: Newer May Not Be Better



Assessment of Novel Peguero-Lo Presti Electrocardiographic Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Criteria in a Large Asian Population: Newer May Not Be Better



Canadian Journal of Cardiology 34(9): 1153-1157



Recently, the novel Peguero-Lo Presti electrocardiographic criteria to diagnose left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were developed from Caucasian American population with a relatively high sensitivity. However, further validation on a large Asian population has never been conducted. Thus, this study was to test and validate the overall performance of this index in a general population from China. A total of 10,614 permanent residents ≥35 years of age were included in this study. All participants completed 12-lead electrocardiography and echocardiography at the same visit. A receiver-operating characteristic curve was used for comparing the performance of electrocardiographic indices in diagnosing echocardiographic LVH. The Peguero-Lo Presti criteria had higher sensitivity but lower specificity than Cornell and Sokolow-Lyon voltage according to the recommended criteria. The area under the curve of this novel Peguero-Lo Presti voltage was lower than that of Cornell for predicting LVH defined by both left ventricular mass/body surface area (0.665 vs 0.699 in males; 0.689 vs 0.721 in females) and left ventricular mass/height2.7 (0.623 vs 0.681 in males; 0.642 vs 0.709 in females) (all Ps < 0.05). By changing cutoff values, Cornell voltage outperformed Peguero-Lo Presti whether to achieve a relatively high sensitivity or specificity. The novel Peguero-Lo Presti voltage may not be a better screening tool for LVH in Asian population. In comparison with this new index, Cornell voltage could be a better screening test for LVH by changing its cutoff values to obtain maximum sensitivity.

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Accession: 065702733

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PMID: 30170670

DOI: 10.1016/j.cjca.2018.05.013


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