Contrast-Induced Nephropathy After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Chronic Total Occlusion Versus Non-Occlusive Coronary Artery Disease
Demir, O.M.; Lombardo, F.; Poletti, E.; Laricchia, A.; Beneduce, A.; Maccagni, D.; Slavich, M.; Giannini, F.; Carlino, M.; Margonato, A.; Cappelletti, A.; Colombo, A.; Azzalini, L.
American Journal of Cardiology 122(11): 1837-1842
Contrast volume is associated with the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), and CIN risk could be particularly high in chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Our aim was to evaluate the incidence of CIN in patients who underwent CTO versus non-CTO PCI. All PCIs performed at our institution from January 2012 to December 2016 were included in this study. CIN was defined as an increase of ≥0.3 mg/dl or ≥50% from baseline within 72 hours. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of CIN. A total of 2,580 patients were included (n = 309 CTO PCI and n = 2271 non-CTO PCI). Estimated glomerular filtration rate was lower in the non-CTO group (73.9 ± 27.3 vs 77.1 ± 24.7 ml/min/1.73/m2, p = 0.05). Patients in the non-CTO PCI group presented more often with acute coronary syndrome (47% vs 15%, p < 0.001). Contrast volume (347 ± 159 vs 215 ± 107 ml, p < 0.001) and contrast-volume-to-creatinine-clearance ratio (4.7 ± 2.1 vs 3.2 ± 1.8, p < 0.001) were higher in the CTO group. There was no difference in CIN rates between CTO and non-CTO groups (9.4% vs 12.1%, p = 0.17). This was confirmed in a sensitivity analysis including only patients who underwent PCI in a stable clinical setting (7.7% vs 8.5%, p = 0.66). On multivariate analysis hypotension during/before PCI (odds ratio [OR] 2.86), acute coronary syndrome (OR 1.86), age (OR 1.54), female sex (OR 1.51), left ventricular ejection fraction (OR 0.64), diabetes mellitus (OR 1.49), and contrast volume (OR 1.17) were independent predictors of CIN, while CTO PCI was not. In conclusion, CTO PCI is associated with similar rates of CIN, compared with non-CTO PCI. These findings persisted on sensitivity and multivariable analyses.